Influence of a polymer membrane on the electrochemical determination of insulin in nanomodified screen printed carbon electrodes

Šišoláková, I., Hovancová, J., Oriňaková, R., Oriňak, A., Trnková, L., García, D. R., & Radoňak, J.

Bioelectrochemistry 130 (2019): 107326.

Diabetes mellitus can be considered one of the most wide spread diseases globally. Hence, the diabetes research is currently focused on developing an effective, low-cost sensor having high stability and suitable analytical characteristics. Screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) embody ideal candidates for insulin determination due to the small area of the working electrode eliminating the solution volume required for the given purpose. Modification of SPCEs by using nanoparticles resulted in an increase of theworking electrode surface area and formation of a higher number of active species. The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of a chitosan membrane on the electrochemical determination of insulin on NiO nanoparticles (NiONPs) and multi-walled nanotube (MWCNTs) modified SPCE (NiONPs/MWCNTs/SPCE). This study is primarily conceived to compare the analytical characteristics and stability of NiONPs/chitosan-MWCNTs/SPCE and NiONPs/MWCNTs/SPCE. An electrode modified with chitosan displays a wider linear range, one of 0.25 μM - 5 μM (R2 0.997); a lower limit of detection, 94nM; a high sensitivity (0.021 μA/μM) and better stability than that of an electrodewithout chitosan. According to these characteristics, the polymer is considered a necessary compound of the electrochemical insulin sensor, improving the sensor's analytical characteristics.

Influence of a polymer membrane on the electrochemical determination of insulin in nanomodified screen printed carbon electrodes

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