Carbonisation temperature dependence of electrochemical activity of nitrogen-doped carbon fibres from electrospinning as air-cathodes for aqueous-alkaline metal-air batteries

Gehring, M., Tempel, H., Merlen, A., Schierholz, R., Eichel, R. A., & Kungl, H.

RSC Advances 9.47 (2019): 27231-27241.

Poly-acrylonitrile (PAN)-derived carbon fibres were characterised as air electrode frameworks for aqueousalkaline metal-air batteries, focussing on the influence of the carbonisation temperature on the structure and electrochemical properties. Elemental composition, (atomic) structure, electrical conductivity, and electrochemical performance related to the oxygen reduction were investigated for electrodes carbonised in the range from 300 ℃ to 1400 ℃. Chemical and structural properties were analysed using elemental analysis, XPS, SEM, and Raman spectroscopy; electrical conductivities of the fibre networks were examined by four-point probe measurements. Electrochemical properties were evaluated using linear sweep voltammetry in 6 M KOH by the open circuit potentials, the cathodic current densities at given overpotentials, and required overpotentials at given current densities. The highest current density was obtained from fibres carbonised at 850 ℃. The connection between the fibre characteristics and electrochemical properties are discussed, highlighting the importance of the nitrogen bonding state. The results provide a base for the development of high performance air electrodes.

Carbonisation temperature dependence of electrochemical activity of nitrogen-doped carbon fibres from electrospinning as air-cathodes for aqueous-alkaline metal-air batteries

Products Used in this Publication

Catalog NumberCASProduct NamePrice
25014-41-925014-41-92-Propenenitrile,homopolymerInquiry

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