The human chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8; CXCL8) is a key mediator of innate immune and inflammatory responses. This small, soluble protein triggers a host of biological effects upon binding and activating CXCR1, a G protein-coupled receptor, located in the cell membrane of neutrophils. Here, we describe 1H-detected magic angle spinning solid-state NMR studies of monomeric IL-8 (1-66) bound to full-length and truncated constructs of CXCR1 in phospholipid bilayers under physiological conditions. Cross-polarization experiments demonstrate that most backbone amide sites of IL-8 (1-66) are immobilized and that their chemical shifts are perturbed upon binding to CXCR1, demonstrating that the dynamics and environments of chemokine residues are affected by interactions with the chemokine receptor. Comparisons of spectra of IL-8 (1-66) bound to full-length CXCR1 (1-350) and to N-terminal truncated construct NT-CXCR1 (39-350) identify specific chemokine residues involved in interactions with binding sites associated with N-terminal residues (binding site-I) and extracellular loop and helical residues (binding site-II) of the receptor. Intermolecular paramagnetic relaxation enhancement broadening of IL-8 (1-66) signals results from interactions of the chemokine with CXCR1 (1-350) containing Mn2+ chelated to an unnatural amino acid assists in the characterization of the receptor-bound form of the chemokine.