|COA||Specification Sheet-Thapsigargin 67526-95-8|
|Description||Potent, cell-permeable, IP3-independent intracellular calcium releaser. Blocks the transient increase in intracellular Ca2+ induced by angiostatin and endostatin. Induces apoptosis by disrupting intracellular free Ca2+ levels; incorporated into chemotherapeutic prodrug formulations.
In cells, sarco/endoplasmic calcium ATPases (SERCAs) transport free calcium into the sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticula, lowering intracellular calcium levels to stop signaling through this cation. Thapsigargin is a non-competitive, cell permeable inhibitor of calcium transport by SERCAs (IC50 values are cell type-dependent and range from ~2-80 nM). Inhibition of SERCAs leads to an increase in intracellular calcium, which has been linked to cell activation, release of histamine from mast cells, and increased proliferation of certain types of cancer cells. In vivo, thapsigargin and related sesquiterpene lactones have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects.
|Synonyms||HAPSIGARGIN; Octanoic acid,|
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