|Description||Tenofovir hydrate reduces the viral cytopathic effect of HIV-1(IIIB), HIV-2(ROD) and HIV(EHO) with EC50 of 1.15 μg/mL, 1.12 μg/mL and 1.05 μg/mL in MT-4 cells. Tenofovir hydrate also reduces the viral cytopathic effect of SIV(mac251) , SIV(B670) ,SHIV(89.6) and SHIV(RTSHIV). Tenofovir hydrate inhibits hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity in HepG2 2.2.15, HepAD38 and HepAD79 cells. Tenofovir hydrate (4 μM) completely inhibits the growth of HIVIIIB in MT-2 cells. Tenofovir hydrate inhibits synthesis of negative strand strong-stop DNA with IC50 of 9 ?M for wild-type RT, 6 ?M for M184V RT and 50 ?M for K65R RT. Tenofovir hydrate (30 mg/kg) completely prevents SIV infection in all macaques without toxicity. Tenofovir hydrate treatment reduces plasma viral RNA levels to undetectable, with parallel decreases in the infectivity of plasma and infectious cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and stabilization of CD4+ T-cell numbers. Tenofovir hydrate (30 mg/kg, s.c.) completely abrogates HIV infection via intravaginal exposure in pig-tailed macaques.|
|Synonyms||Viread maleate; GS 1278 maleate; GS1278 maleate; GS-1278 maleate; PMPA maleate; TDF maleate|
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