Tanshinone I - CAS 568-73-0
Catalog number: 568-73-0
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Tanshinone I isolated from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza. It can protect against peroxynitrite-induced DNA damage, and hydroxyl radical formation and cytotoxicity, might have implications for Tanshinone I-mediated neuroprotection.
Red powder
anti-tumor; anti-cancer;
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1.324 g/cm3
1.Preventive effects of a purified extract isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza enriched with tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA and cryptotanshinone on hepatocyte injury in vitro and in vivo.
Park EJ;Zhao YZ;Kim YC;Sohn DH Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Nov;47(11):2742-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2009.08.007. Epub 2009 Aug 18.
Salvia miltiorrhiza is traditionally used to treat liver disease in Asia. In this study, we tested the ability of a purified extract of S. miltiorrhiza (PF2401-SF) and its constituents, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, and cryptotanshinone, to protect against acute and subacute liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride by measuring serum transaminase levels, the reduced form of glutathione (GSH), antioxidant enzyme activities, and lipid peroxidation levels in the liver. We also evaluated their ability to protect primary cultured rat hepatocytes from tertiary-butylhydroperoxide (tBH) or d-galactosamine (GalN). PF2401-SF was protective at 50-200mg/kg per day in acute liver injury and 25-100mg/kg per day in subacute liver injury. Tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, and cryptotanshinon (40 microM), inhibited lactate dehydrogenase leakage, GSH depletion, lipid peroxidation and free radical generation in vitro. PF2401-SF and its major constituents, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA and cryptotanshinone, can protect against liver toxicity in vivo and in vitro due to its antioxidant effects.
2.Effects of methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid on tanshinone production and biosynthetic gene expression in transgenic Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots.
Hao X;Shi M;Cui L;Xu C;Zhang Y;Kai G Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2015 Jan-Feb;62(1):24-31. doi: 10.1002/bab.1236. Epub 2014 Jun 13.
Tanshinone is a group of active diterpenes, which are widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. In this study, methyl jasmonate (MJ) and salicylic acid (SA) were used to investigate their effects on tanshinone accumulation and biosynthetic gene expression in the hairy roots of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (SmGGPPS) overexpression line (G50) in Salvia miltiorrhiza. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that total tanshinone content in G50 was obviously increased by 3.10-fold (11.33 mg/g) with MJ at 36 H and 1.63 times (5.95 mg/g) after SA treatment for 36 H in comparison with their mimic treatment control. Furthermore, quantitative reverse-transcription PCR analysis showed that the expression of isopentenyl-diphosphate delta-isomerase (SmIPPI), SmGGPPS, copalyl diphosphate synthase (SmCPS), and kaurene synthase-like (SmKSL) increased significantly with MJ treatment. However, the expression of SmIPPI reached the highest level at 144 H, whereas those of SmGGPPS, SmCPS, and SmKSL only increased slightly with SA treatment. The two elicitor treatments suggested that tanshinone accumulation positively correlated to the expression of key genes such as SmGGPPS, SmCPS, and SmKSL.
3.[Effects of plant-derived smoke water on accumulation of biomass and active substance of Salvia miltiorrhiza f. alba].
Zhou J;Zou L;Li J;Wang X;Liu W;Fang L;Li Q;Zhang F;Zhang YQ Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2014 Jul;39(13):2460-3.
To study the effect of plant-derived smoke water on the accumulation of biomass and active substance of Salvia miltiorrhiza f. alba, seedlings of S. miltiorrhiza were treated with different concentrations of smoke water (1:500, 1: 1 000, 1: 2 000). The fresh weight and dry weight of underground part, the number of split-root, maximum root diameter, average root diameter, average root length, the content of lipophilic components and water-soluble components were measured. Results showed that fresh weight and dry weight of underground part were respectively improved by 98.01%, 44.32% and 85.71%, 28.57% with significant difference by smoke water treatment with concentration of 1: 500 and 1: 1 000. Maximum root diameter and dry weight of underground part were respectively enhanced by 58.44% and 85.71% by smoke water with concentration of 1:500. The content of tanshinone I and tanshinone II(A) were improved by smoke water treatment, however there were no significantly difference on the content of cryptotanshinone and dihydrotan shinone. This study indicates that smoke water treatment could be used to improve the accumulation of biomass and active substance content of S. miltiorrhiza f. alba, which could provide new ideas for its green cultivating.
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CAS 568-73-0 Tanshinone I

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