1.Recovery of nickel from aqueous solutions by complexation-ultrafiltration process with sodium polyacrylate and polyethylenimine.
Shao J1, Qin S, Davidson J, Li W, He Y, Zhou HS. J Hazard Mater. 2013 Jan 15;244-245:472-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.10.070. Epub 2012 Nov 5.
The recovery of nickel from aqueous dilute solutions by complexation-ultrafiltration process with sodium polyacrylate (PAAS) and polyethylenimine (PEI) was studied. Experiments were performed as a function of aqueous pH, polymer/Ni(2+) ratio and background electrolyte concentration. At optimum experimental conditions, the nickel removal rate reaches 99.5% using PAAS and 93.0% using PEI as the complexation agent. The nickel removal rate was found to decrease as the adding salt NaCl concentration increases for both complexation agents. A series of experiments implied that the mechanism could be the compressing electric double layer other than the competitive complexation. Diafiltration technique was further performed to regenerate complexation agents and recover nickel. The nickel removal rates were found to be close to those obtained with the original PEI and PAAS. Finally, Langmuir-type binding isotherm equation was employed to evaluate the extent of nickel bound to PAAS and PEI.
2.pH-Triggered release from surface-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles.
Häuser M1, Langer K2, Schönhoff M3. Beilstein J Nanotechnol. 2015 Dec 30;6:2504-12. doi: 10.3762/bjnano.6.260. eCollection 2015.
Nanoparticles (NP) of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) represent a promising biodegradable drug delivery system. We suggest here a two-step release system of PLGA nanoparticles with a pH-tunable polymeric shell, providing an initial pH-triggered step, releasing a membrane-toxic cationic compound. PLGA nanoparticles are coated by polyelectrolytes using the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique, employing poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) as a pH-sensitive component and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) as the releasable polycation. The pH during multilayer deposition plays a major role and influences the titration curve of the layer system. The pH-tunability of PAA is intensively investigated with regard to the pH region, in which the particle system becomes uncharged. The isoelectric point can be shifted by employing suitable deposition pH values. The release is investigated by quantitative (1)H NMR, yielding a pH-dependent release curve.
3.Bio-inspired self-cleaning PAAS hydrogel released coating for marine antifouling.
Xue L1, Lu X2, Wei H2, Long P2, Xu J2, Zheng Y3. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 May 1;421:178-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.12.063. Epub 2014 Jan 10.
In this paper, an antifouling hydrogel coating of slippery hydrogel-released hydrous surface (SHRHS) with the self-cleaning ability of oil-resistance and self-regeneration characters was designed. A physical blending method of loading Sodium polyacrylate (PAAS) powder into the organic silicon resin was employed to prepare the SHRHS coating. The oil-resistance of the intact and scratch SHRHS coatings was performed by time-sequence images of washing dyed beef tallow stain away. The results showed that the SHRHS coating has the greater ability of stain removal. The concentration of Na+ ions released from PAAS hydrogel on the surface of the SHRHS coating was investigated by ion chromatograph (IC). The results revealed that the coating had the ability of self-regeneration by PAAS hydrogel continuously peeling. The biomass of two marine microalgae species, Nitzschia closterium f. minutissima and Navicula climacospheniae Booth attached on the SHRHS was investigated using UV-Visible Spectrophotometer (UV) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
4.[Predicting the cadmium bioavailability in the soil of sugarcane field based on the diffusive gradients in thin films with binding phase of sodium polyacrylate].
Wang FL1, Song NN, Zhao YJ, Zhang CB, Shen Y, Liu ZQ. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2012 Oct;33(10):3562-8.
The diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique with solid-state binding phases has been widely used for in situ collection and measurement of available heavy metals in waters, soils or sediments, whereas DGT with liquid binding phase is primarily used in the in situ analysis of heavy metals in waters. In this paper, rhizosphere soils of sugarcane were collected in Guangxi and the concentrations of cadmium (Cd) were determined by DGT with a solid-state binding phase of chelex100 (chelex100-DGT) and modified DGT with a liquid binding phase of sodium polyacrylate (CDM-PAAS-DGT). The result showed that the Cd contents in soils measured by DGT with both binding phases and Cd in the roots, leaves and unpolished stems of sugarcane had significant positive correlation. The extraction ability of the CDM-PAAAS-DGT was much higher than that of the chelex100-DGT. In addition, multivariate analyses were used to assess the impact of pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), soil organic matter (OM) and texture.