1.Characterization of silicate monomer with sodium, calcium and strontium but not with lithium and Tanaka M1, Takahashi K. J Mass Spectrom. 2002 Jun;37(6):623-30.
Fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FABMS) was applied to the direct detection of silica species dissolved in LiCl, NaCl, MgCl(2), CaCl(2) and SrCl(2) solutions in order to investigate its dissolution process in solution. Several species of dissolved silicate complexes in the solution were directly detected by FABMS. The peak intensities of [SiO(2)(OH)(2)Na](-), [SiO(3)(OH)Ca](-) and [SiO(3)(OH)Sr](-) increased with increasing concentrations of NaCl, CaCl(2) and SrCl(2), whereas the peak intensities of [SiO(2)(OH)(2)Li](-) and [SiO(3)(OH)Mg](-) did not increase with increasing concentrations of LiCl and MgCl(2). These results indicte that silicate and cation bind in the solution not after but before ionization. The isotope pattern of Sr(2+) confirmed the existence of the silicate-Sr complex not only with increase of the concentration of silica but also the mass numbers of Sr. The silicate complexes formed with Na(+), Ca(2+) and Sr(2+) showed high stability in chloride solution.