(R)-3,4-DCPG - CAS 201730-10-1
Category: Inhibitor
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Molecular Formula:
Molecular Weight:
(R)-3,4-DCPG is an AMPA receptor antagonist with weak activity at NMDA receptors and no activity at kainate receptors.
Brife Description:
AMPA receptor antagonist
≥96% by HPLC
Related CAS:
176796-64-8 (racemic mixture)
(R)-3,4-Dicarboxyphenylglycine; 4-[(1R)-1-Amino-2-hydroxy-2-oxoethyl]phthalic acid
Canonical SMILES:
1.Anticonvulsant activity of 3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycines in DBA/2 mice.
Moldrich RX;Beart PM;Jane DE;Chapman AG;Meldrum BS Neuropharmacology. 2001 Apr;40(5):732-5.
The 3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycines (3,4-DCPG) inhibit sound-induced seizures in DBA/2 mice with the racemate being notably more potent than either isomer (ED(50) (nmol, i.c.v.)): (RS)-3,4-DCPG (0.004; 86 mg/kg, i.p.)>>the mGlu(8) agonist (S)-3,4-DCPG (0.11)>the AMPA antagonist (R)-3,4-DCPG (0.38). A potentiation of anticonvulsant activity between AMPA and mGlu(8) receptors was confirmed by combining (R)-3,4-DCPG with the mGlu(8) agonist (RS)-4-phosphonophenylglycine. This potentiating mechanism provides a novel strategy for the treatment of epileptic seizures.
2.(S)-3,4-DCPG, a potent and selective mGlu8a receptor agonist, activates metabotropic glutamate receptors on primary afferent terminals in the neonatal rat spinal cord.
Thomas NK;Wright RA;Howson PA;Kingston AE;Schoepp DD;Jane DE Neuropharmacology. 2001 Mar;40(3):311-8.
(S)-3,4-Dicarboxyphenylglycine (DCPG) has been tested on cloned human mGlu1-8 receptors individually expressed in AV12-664 cells co-expressing a rat glutamate/aspartate transporter and shown to be a potent and selective mGlu8a receptor agonist (EC(50) value 31+/-2 nM, n=3) with weaker effects on the other cloned mGlu receptors (EC(50) or IC(50) values >3.5 microM on mGlu1-7). Electrophysiological characterisation on the neonatal rat spinal cord preparation revealed that (S)-3,4-DCPG depressed the fast component of the dorsal root-evoked ventral root potential (fDR-VRP) giving a biphasic concentration-response curve showing EC(50) values of 1.3+/-0.2 microM (n=17) and 391+/-81 microM (n=17) for the higher and lower affinity components, respectively. The receptor mediating the high-affinity component was antagonised by 200 microM (S)-alpha-methyl-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (MAP4, K(D) value 5.4+/-1.5 microM (n=3)), a group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor antagonist. The alpha-methyl substituted analogue of (S)-3,4-DCPG, (RS)-3,4-MDCPG (100 microM), antagonised the effects of (S)-3,4-DCPG (K(D) value 5.0+/-0.4 microM, n=3) in a similar manner to MAP4. (S)-3,4-DCPG-induced depressions of the fDR-VRP in the low-affinity range of the concentration-response curve were potentiated by 200 microM (S)-alpha-ethylglutamate (EGLU), a group II mGlu receptor antagonist, and were relatively unaffected by MAP4 (200 microM).
3.Dicarboxyphenylglycines antagonize AMPA- but not kainate-induced depolarizations in neonatal rat motoneurones.
Thomas NK;Clayton P;Jane DE Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Nov 5;338(2):111-6.
Ionotropic glutamate receptors have been categorized into three main groups according to the selective agonists that activate them, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), (S)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propanoic acid (AMPA) and (2S,3S,4S)-3-carboxymethyl-4-isopropenylpyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (kainate) receptors. Both AMPA and kainate induce depolarizations in neonatal rat spinal motoneurones. However, selective antagonists capable of discriminating between the effects of these two antagonists are not widely available. As part of a search for such compounds we report the actions of (RS)-3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycine (DCPG) and (RS)-3,5-dicarboxyphenylglycine on agonist-induced motoneuronal depolarizations in the neonatal rat spinal cord preparation. In addition, the actions of (R)- and (S)-3,4-DCPG are also described. (RS)-3,4-DCPG and (RS)-3,5-DCPG antagonized AMPA-induced depolarizations (apparent Kd = 137 microM (n = 3) and 167 microM (n = 5), respectively). However, (RS)-3,5-DCPG (1 mM) potentiated responses due to kainate (n = 5) while (RS)-3,4-DCPG (1 mM) displayed weak antagonism of these responses (apparent Kd > 12 mM, n = 3). (RS)-3,4- and (RS)-3,5-DCPG at 500 microM both displayed antagonism at the NMDA receptor (apparent Kd = 472 microM and 346 microM, respectively) and a postsynaptic subgroup I metabotropic glutamate receptor activated by (1S,3R)-ACPD.
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CAS 201730-10-1 (R)-3,4-DCPG

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