O-Phospho-L-serine - CAS 407-41-0
Category: Inhibitor
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O-Phospho-L-serine, a molecule which resembles phosphatidylserine head group, is an agonist of the group III metabotropic glutamate receptors mGluR4a and mGluR6 (EC50s = 2-5 µM). It is also used in the purification of the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2A.
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1.Detection of amino acid and peptide phosphate protonation using Raman spectroscopy.
Xie Y;Jiang Y;Ben-Amotz D Anal Biochem. 2005 Aug 15;343(2):223-30.
Raman spectra of phosphorylated amino acids and peptides undergo pH-dependent changes attributed to protonation of -OPO(3)(2-) (dibasic) to -OPO(3)H(-) (monobasic). Bands at approximately 980 and 1080cm(-1) in solution Raman spectra of phosphoserine and phosphothreonine are assigned to the monobasic and dibasic phosphate groups, respectively. Calibrated Raman peak area ratio measurements, performed as a function of pH, are used to determine the corresponding pKa values of 5.6 (phosphoserine) and 5.9 (phosphothreonine). In peptides, the phosphate Raman bands are difficult to distinguish due to interference from other neighboring bands (particularly those derived from aromatic amino acid residues) as well as the relatively low solubility of peptides. Nevertheless, drop coating deposition Raman (DCDR) spectra obtained from 100-microM peptide solutions reveal pH-dependent second derivative features at approximately 980 and 1080cm(-1), which are indicative of phosphate protonation.
2.Effects of epidermal growth factor and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate on metabolism of the epidermal growth factor receptor in normal human fibroblasts.
Decker SJ Mol Cell Biol. 1984 Sep;4(9):1718-24.
The biosynthesis, phosphorylation, and degradation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor were examined in normal human fibroblasts. The receptor was initially synthesized as an Mr = 160,000 immature form which matured to an Mr = 170,000 form in a monensin-sensitive manner. Tunicamycin treatment led to the accumulation of an Mr = 130,000 protein. The receptor was phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in normally growing and quiescent cells, and treatment with EGF or the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) resulted in a two- to threefold increase in receptor-bound phosphate. EGF increased the amount of phosphoserine and phosphothreonine and caused the appearance of a minor amount of phosphotyrosine. TPA increased the levels of phosphoserine and phosphothreonine exclusively. Prior treatment with TPA inhibited the EGF-dependent appearance of phosphotyrosine in the receptor. Analysis of tryptic phosphopeptides revealed that six of the seven major peptides were common to the receptor from cells treated with EGF or TPA. EGF strongly stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation in confluent cells, increased final saturation density three to fourfold, and increased whole-cell levels of phosphotyrosine about threefold.
3.Effect of citrulline for arginine replacement on the structure and turnover of phosphopeptide substrates of protein phosphatase-1.
Martin BL;Luo S;Kintanar A;Chen M;Graves DJ Arch Biochem Biophys. 1998 Nov 15;359(2):179-91.
Phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated forms of a decapeptide corresponding to residues 9 to 18 of glycogen phosphorylase were compared using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance with assignment of both peptides done by the sequential method. Both forms had little secondary structure, but there was evidence for an interaction between arginine-16 and phosphorylated serine at position 14. A change in the chemical shift for the epsilon-nitrogen hydrogen of arginine in position 16 was observed in the spectrum of the phosphorylated peptide and was not evident in a phosphopeptide having citrulline in place of arginine-16. Hydrolysis catalyzed by protein phosphatase-1 was decreased with the citrulline-containing phosphopeptide compared to the arginine-containing phosphopeptide with effects observed on both kcat and Km of the phosphatase reaction. Alkaline phosphatase hydrolyzed these peptides and a di-citrulline peptide equally well. These results are consistent with arginine being favorable in the recognition of substrates by phosphatase-1, possibly recognition as an arginine-phosphoserine complex. As a model study, arginine and two analogs, citrulline and canavanine, were examined for association with inorganic phosphate by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry.
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CAS 407-41-0 O-Phospho-L-serine

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