NPS-2143 - CAS 284035-33-2
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Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
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NPS-2143(SB 262470A ) is a selective potent calcium ion-sensing receptor antagonist with IC50 of 43 and 41 nM for cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentrations and parathyroid hormone secretion, respectively.
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1.The calcium-sensing receptor: A promising target for prevention of colorectal cancer.
Aggarwal A1, Prinz-Wohlgenannt M1, Tennakoon S1, Höbaus J1, Boudot C2, Mentaverri R2, Brown EM3, Baumgartner-Parzer S4, Kállay E5. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Sep;1853(9):2158-67. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2015.02.011. Epub 2015 Feb 18.
The inverse correlation between dietary calcium intake and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) is well known, but poorly understood. Expression of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), a calcium-binding G protein-coupled receptor is downregulated in CRC leading us to hypothesize that the CaSR has tumor suppressive roles in the colon. The aim of this study was to understand whether restoration of CaSR expression could reduce the malignant phenotype in CRC. In human colorectal tumors, expression of the CaSR negatively correlated with proliferation markers whereas loss of CaSR correlated with poor tumor differentiation and reduced apoptotic potential. In vivo, dearth of CaSR significantly increased expression of proliferation markers and decreased levels of differentiation and apoptotic markers in the colons of CaSR/PTH double knock-out mice confirming the tumor suppressive functions of CaSR. In vitro CRC cells stably overexpressing wild-type CaSR showed significant reduction in proliferation, as well as increased differentiation and apoptotic potential.
2.Anti-inflammatory Effects of Poly-L-lysine in Intestinal Mucosal System Mediated by Calcium-Sensing Receptor Activation.
Mine Y1, Zhang H1. J Agric Food Chem. 2015 Dec 9;63(48):10437-47. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b03812. Epub 2015 Nov 20.
Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is involved in maintaining cellular homeostasis and promoting recovery of damaged intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Poly-L-lysine (PL) is a basic polypeptide identified for its role in the activation of CaSR through allosteric binding. The primary goal of the current study was to identify the modulatory effect of PL on intestinal inflammation and to determine whether these effects were mediated by CaSR activation. We used human intestinal epithelial cell lines, Caco-2 and HT-29, to assess PL anti-inflammatory activities in vitro. We found that PL reduced the IL-8 secretion from tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-treated human intestinal epithelial cell lines. On the other hand, the gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β was inhibited by PL supplementation. We subsequently evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of PL in vivo using a DSS-induced mouse colitis model. PL supplementation was shown to prevent dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS)-induced loss of weight, colitic symptoms, and shortening of colon length but maintained colonic morphology.
3.Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)-mediated anti-inflammatory effects of L-amino acids in intestinal epithelial cells.
Mine Y1, Zhang H1. J Agric Food Chem. 2015 Nov 18;63(45):9987-95. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b03749. Epub 2015 Nov 9.
Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) plays an essential role in sensing nutrients and monitoring ion balance in the human gut. However, no discovery of CaSR-mediated anti-inflammatory effect of l-amino acids (l-AAs) on the gut system has been reported. The aim of this study is to screen and identify the anti-inflammatory activity of various l-AAs in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and stepwise illustrate a possible molecular mechanism for anti-inflammation. We used Caco-2 and HT-29 cell lines to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of l-AAs and revealed that l-tryptophan (l-Trp) and l-valine (l-Val) have strong anti-inflammatory activity consistent in both cell lines. l-Trp treatment (5 mM) reduced TNF-α-induced IL-8 secretion from HT-29 or Caco-2 cells to about 50 or 40%, respectively. l-Trp also significantly inhibited the expression of phosphorylation of JNK or IκBα to around 50% in HT-29 cells. However, the above inhibitory effects of l-Trp on inflammatory responses in TNF-α-induced HT-29 cells were abrogated by NPS-2143.
4.Potential roles for calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) in murine anorectic response to deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin).
Wu W1,2, Zhou HR2, Pestka JJ3,4,5. Arch Toxicol. 2016 Mar 15. [Epub ahead of print]
Food contamination by the trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON, vomitoxin) has the potential to adversely affect animal and human health by suppressing food intake and impairing growth. In mice, the DON-induced anorectic response results from aberrant satiety hormone secretion by enteroendocrine cells (EECs) of the gastrointestinal tract. Recent in vitro studies in the murine STC-1 EEC model have linked DON-induced satiety hormone secretion to activation of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), a G-coupled protein receptor, and transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1), a TRP channel. However, it is unknown whether similar mechanisms mediate DON's anorectic effects in vivo. Here, we tested the hypothesis that DON-induced food refusal and satiety hormone release in the mouse are linked to activation of CaSR and TRPA1. Oral treatment with selective agonists for CaSR (R-568) or TRPA1 (allyl isothiocyanate (AITC)) suppressed food intake in mice, and the agonist's effects were suppressed by pretreatment with corresponding antagonists NPS-2143 or ruthenium red (RR), respectively.
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CAS 284035-33-2 NPS-2143

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