1.Effect of 2-(8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1-oxo-1H-2-benzopyran-3-yl) propionic acid in combination with carboplatin on gastric carcinoma growth in vivo.
Chen JL;Zhu JS;Hong J;Chen MX;Lu JL;Chen WX;Shen B;Zhu ZM;Chen NW World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jan 28;13(4):509-14.
AIM: ;To investigate the effects of 2-(8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1-oxo-1H-2-benzopyran-3-yl) propionic acid (NM-3) alone and in combination with carboplatin on tumor growth and apoptosis in mouse models of human gastric cancer constructed by subcutaneous implantation of histologically intact tumor tissue.;METHODS: ;Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 tissues were implanted into the dorsal subcutis of nude mice. One week after tumors reached to a volume of 50-100 mm(3) for around 1 wk, these mice were randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 10). NM-3 was injected peritoneally at the dose of 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg or 40 mg/kg every other day for 5 wk, combined with carboplatin (5 mg/kg) every third day for 4 wk. As controls of combined treatment, another 4 groups of mice were injected with either NM-3 at 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg or 40 mg/kg, or with carboplatin alone (5 mg/kg). The control mice received normal saline. Tumor weight, tumor growth inhibition (TGI), and intratumoral microvessel density (MVD) were evaluated. Apoptosis of human gastric cancer was detected by TUNEL method and flow cytometry analysis, respectively.;RESULTS: ;The mean tumor volume (692.40 +/- 58.43 mm(3), 548.30 +/- 66.02 mm(3), 382.13 +/- 43.
2.The novel isocoumarin 2-(8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1-oxo-1H-2-benzopyran-3-yl) propionic acid (NM-3) induces lethality of human carcinoma cells by generation of reactive oxygen species.
Yin L;Ohno T;Weichselbaum R;Kharbanda S;Kufe D Mol Cancer Ther. 2001 Nov;1(1):43-8.
2-(8-Hydroxy-6-methoxy-1-oxo-1H-2-benzopyran-3-yl) propionic acid (NM-3) is an isocoumarin derivative that has recently entered clinical trials for evaluation as a p.o.-bioavailable, antiangiogenic molecule. NM-3 induces endothelial cell death at low microM concentrations by a nonapoptotic mechanism. The present studies have assessed the direct effects of NM-3 on human carcinoma cells. The results demonstrate that NM-3 treatment is associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species and loss of clonogenic survival. In concert with these findings, we show that exposure to NM-3 is associated with increases in expression of the p53 tumor suppressor. In human MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 breast cancer cells, NM-3 induces the p21 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, cell cycle arrest at G1-S-phase, and necrotic cell death. Moreover, human PA-1 ovarian carcinoma and HeLa cervical carcinoma cells respond to NM-3 with the induction of apoptosis by a reactive oxygen species-dependent mechanism. These findings demonstrate that NM-3 has direct effects on carcinoma cells at clinically achievable concentrations and that this agent could be effective in targeting both the tumor and its vasculature.
3.Angiogenesis and chronic kidney disease.
Maeshima Y;Makino H Fibrogenesis Tissue Repair. 2010 Aug 5;3:13. doi: 10.1186/1755-1536-3-13.
The number of patients requiring renal replacement therapy due to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing worldwide. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the importance of CKD as a risk factor in development of ESRD and in complicating cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been confirmed. In recent years, the involvement of angiogenesis-related factors in the progression of CKD has been studied, and the potential therapeutic effects on CKD of modulating these factors have been identified. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, a potent pro-angiogenic factor, is involved in the development of the kidney, in maintenance of the glomerular capillary structure and filtration barrier, and in the renal repair process after injury. VEGF-A is also involved in the development of early diabetic nephropathy, demonstrated by the therapeutic effects of anti-VEGF-A antibody. Angiopoietin (Ang)-1 induces the maturation of newly formed blood vessels, and the therapeutic effects of Ang-1 in diabetic nephropathy have been described. In experimental models of diabetic nephropathy, the therapeutic effects of angiogenesis inhibitors, including angiostatin, endostatin and tumstatin peptides, the isocoumarin NM-3, and vasohibin-1, have been reported.