Neuropeptide FF - CAS 99566-27-5
Category: Inhibitor
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Neuropeptide FF, which belongs to the RF-amide family of peptides, is an endogenous antiopioid peptide and agonist at NPFF1 and NPFF2 receptors (Ki= 2.82 and 0.21 nM respectively). Neuropeptide FF has anti-opioid effects in rodent models, inhibiting morphine-induced analgesia and inducing abstinence in morphine-tolerant rats. It also inhibits acquisition of conditioned place preference to cocaine in rats when administered at doses of 10 and 20 nmol.
(Modifications: Phe-8 = C-terminal amide)
White lyophilised solid
L-phenylalanyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-glutaminyl-L-prolyl-L-glutaminyl-L-arginyl-L-phenylalaninamide, trifluoroacetate salt; Phe-Leu-Phe-Gln-Pro-Gln-Arg-Phe amide; F-8-F-NH2
Soluble to 0.50 mg/ml in water
Store in a cool and dry place (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis).
Canonical SMILES:
1.Quantitative autoradiographic distribution of NPFF1 neuropeptide FF receptor in the rat brain and comparison with NPFF2 receptor by using [125I]YVP and [(125I]EYF as selective radioligands.
Gouardères C;Quelven I;Mollereau C;Mazarguil H;Rice SQ;Zajac JM Neuroscience. 2002;115(2):349-61.
The selectivity of two new radioligands, [(125)I]YVP ([(125)I]YVPNLPQRF-NH(2)) and [(125)I]EYF ([(125)I]EYWSLAAPQRF-NH(2)), for neuropeptide FF (NPFF) receptor subtypes was determined using HEK293 cells expressing hNPFF(1) and CHO cells expressing hNPFF(2) receptors. Saturation binding and displacement experiments showed that [(125)I]YVP and [(125)I]EYF bound selectively with a very high affinity, K(D)=0.18 nM and 0.06 nM, to NPFF(1) and NPFF(2) receptors respectively. By using in vitro autoradiography with these radioligands and frog pancreatic polypeptide (PP) as selective unlabelled competitor of NPFF(2) binding sites, NPFF(1) and NPFF(2) receptor distribution was analyzed throughout the rat CNS. The highest densities of [(125)I]EYF binding sites were seen in the most external layers of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, the parafascicular thalamic nucleus, laterodorsal thalamic nucleus and presubiculum of hippocampus. All specific binding of this radioligand was inhibited by 200 nM frog PP. The density of 0.1 nM [(125)I]YVP binding was much smaller in all brain areas and frog PP-insensitive binding sites (NPFF(1) receptor subtype) were detected in septal, thalamic and hypothalamic areas but were absent in the spinal cord.
2.Effects of neuropeptide SF and related peptides on acid sensing ion channel 3 and sensory neuron excitability.
Deval E;Baron A;Lingueglia E;Mazarguil H;Zajac JM;Lazdunski M Neuropharmacology. 2003 Apr;44(5):662-71.
Acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is a cation channel gated by extracellular protons. It is highly expressed in sensory neurons, including small nociceptive neurons and has been proposed to participate in pain perception associated with tissue acidosis and in mechanoperception. Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) and FMRFamide have been shown to potentiate proton-gated currents from cultured sensory neurons and acid sensing ion channel (ASIC) cDNA transfected cells. In this study, we report that another mammalian peptide neuropeptide SF (NPSF), derived from the same precursor, also considerably increases the amplitude of the sustained current of heterologously expressed ASIC3 (12-fold vs. 19- and nine-fold for FMRFamide and NPFF, respectively) with an EC(50) of approximately 50 microM. Similar effects were also observed on endogenous ASIC3-like sustained current recorded from DRG neurons although of smaller amplitudes (two-, three- and seven-fold increase for NPSF, NPFF and FMRFamide, respectively), and essentially related to a slowing down of the inactivation rate. Importantly, this modulation induced changes in neuronal excitability in response to an electrical stimulus applied during extracellular acidification.
3.Autoradiographic localization of receptors for neuropeptide FF, FLFQPQRFamide, in human spinal sensory system.
Allard M;Jordan D;Zajac JM;Ries C;Martin D;Monkouanga D;Kopp N;Simonnet G Brain Res. 1994 Jan 7;633(1-2):127-32.
The regional distribution of FLFQPQRFamide binding sites on fresh unfixed cryostate sections from post mortem specimens of human spinal cord and lower medulla oblongata was studied by quantitative autoradiographic methods using [125I]YLFQPQRFamide as ligand. Samples were taken from five cases who had died with no history of neurological disease at ages ranging from 5 months to 66 years. The biochemical and pharmacological characteristics of [125I]YLFQPQRFamide binding to mounted tissue sections were comparable to those reported for the rat in a previous study. [125I]YLFQPQRFamide appeared to interact reversibly with high affinity binding sites (Kd = 0.06 nM), distinct from opiate receptors. Sites labelled with [125I]YLFQPQRFamide were distributed unevenly within the human spinal cord and lower medulla oblongata, with the highest density in the superficial layers of the dorsal horn and the spinal trigeminal nucleus. Although moderate labelling was observed in the ventral part of spinal grey matter, dense labelling appeared in the gracile and cuneate nuclei. No binding sites were detected in white matter. These results show that, as in the rat, FLFQPQRFamide receptors in the human spinal cord and lower medulla oblongata, are mainly concentrated within spinal areas implicated in the analgesic action of opiates.
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CAS 99566-27-5 Neuropeptide FF

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