1.Pharmacological characterization of a novel nonpeptide antagonist of the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor, NBI-42902.
Struthers RS1, Xie Q, Sullivan SK, Reinhart GJ, Kohout TA, Zhu YF, Chen C, Liu XJ, Ling N, Yang W, Maki RA, Bonneville AK, Chen TK, Bozigian HP. Endocrinology. 2007 Feb;148(2):857-67. Epub 2006 Nov 9.
Suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis by peptides that act at the GnRH receptor has found widespread use in clinical practice for the management of sex-steroid-dependent diseases (such as prostate cancer and endometriosis) and reproductive disorders. Efforts to develop orally available GnRH receptor antagonists have led to the discovery of a novel, potent nonpeptide antagonist, NBI-42902, that suppresses serum LH concentrations in postmenopausal women after oral administration. Here we report the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of this compound. NBI-42902 is a potent inhibitor of peptide radioligand binding to the human GnRH receptor (K(i) = 0.56 nm). Tritiated NBI-42902 binds with high affinity (K(d) = 0.19 nm) to a single class of binding sites and can be displaced by a range of peptide and nonpeptide GnRH receptor ligands. In vitro experiments demonstrate that NBI-42902 is a potent functional, competitive antagonist of GnRH stimulated IP accumulation, Ca(2+) flux, and ERK1/2 activation.
2.Suppression of serum luteinizing hormone in postmenopausal women by an orally administered nonpeptide antagonist of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (NBI-42902).
Struthers RS1, Chen T, Campbell B, Jimenez R, Pan H, Yen SS, Bozigian HP. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct;91(10):3903-7. Epub 2006 Jul 18.
CONTEXT: Parenteral administration of peptide GnRH analogs is widely used in clinical practice for the suppression of pituitary gonadotropins. NBI-42902 is an orally available, high-affinity nonpeptide antagonist of the human GnRH receptor.
3.3-[(2R)-Amino-2-phenylethyl]-1-(2,6-difluorobenzyl)-5-(2-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)- 6-methylpyrimidin-2,4-dione (NBI 42902) as a potent and orally active antagonist of the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor. Design, synthesis, and in vitro and in vivo characterization.
Tucci FC1, Zhu YF, Struthers RS, Guo Z, Gross TD, Rowbottom MW, Acevedo O, Gao Y, Saunders J, Xie Q, Reinhart GJ, Liu XJ, Ling N, Bonneville AK, Chen T, Bozigian H, Chen C. J Med Chem. 2005 Feb 24;48(4):1169-78.
Further structure-activity relationship studies of a series of substituted uracils at the 1, 3, and 5 positions resulted in the discovery of several potent antagonists of the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor. Uracils bearing a side chain derived from phenylglycinol at the 3-position were shown to be orally bioavailable in monkeys. 3-[(2R)-Amino-2-phenylethyl]-1-(2,6-difluorobenzyl)-5-(2-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2,4-dione (R-13b, NBI 42902) displayed subnanomolar binding affinity (K(i) = 0.56 nM) and was a potent functional antagonist (IC(50) = 3.0 nM in Ca(2+) flux assay) at the human GnRH receptor. It also bound to the monkey GnRH receptor with high affinity (K(i) = 3.9 nM). In addition, R-13bhad good plasma exposure in cynomolgus monkeys after oral administration, with a C(max) of 737 ng/mL and an AUC of 2392 ng/mL.h at a 10 mg/kg dose. Moreover, oral administration of R-13b to castrated male cynomolgus monkeys resulted in a significant decrease in serum levels of luteinizing hormone.