Naloxone - CAS 465-65-6
Catalog number:
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
Molecular Weight:
Naloxone is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose useful both in acute opioid overdose and in reducing respiratory or mental depression due to opioids.
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White to slightly off-white powder
17-Allyl-4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-morphinan-6-one; (5α)-4,5-Epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-17-(2-propenyl)morphinan-6-one; N-Allyl-7,8-dihydro-14-hydroxynormorphinone, (7CI); (-)-Naloxone; 12-Allyl-7,7a,8,9-tetrahydro-3,7a-dihydroxy-4aH-8,9c-iminoethanophenanthro[4,5-bcd]furan-5(6H)-one;
Soluble in DMSO
Store at -20 °C
Block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose
Quality Standard:
Enterprise standard
Shelf Life:
As supplied, 2 years from the QC date provided on the Certificate of Analysis, when stored properly.
Boiling Point:
532.8ºC at 760 mmHg
Melting Point:
184 ºC
1.43 g/cm3
Canonical SMILES:
1.Evaluation of the Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Program of the Baltimore Student Harm Reduction Coalition.
Lewis DA1, Park JN1, Vail L1, Sine M1, Welsh C1, Sherman SG1. Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr 14:e1-e4. [Epub ahead of print]
Although historically the majority of overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs have targeted opioid users, states are increasingly passing laws that enable third-party prescriptions of naloxone to individuals who may be able to respond to an overdose, including friends and family members of individuals who use opioids. In this report, we discuss the Baltimore Student Harm Reduction Coalition (BSHRC) OEND program, Maryland's first community-based, state-authorized training program under a new law allowing third-party naloxone prescription. In an 8-month pilot period, 250 free naloxone kits were distributed, and 3 overdose reversals were reported to BSHRC. Trainings were effective in increasing self-efficacy surrounding overdose prevention and response, which appears to persist at up to 12 months following the training. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print April 14, 2016: e1-e4. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303141).
2.Targinact for restless legs syndrome.
Drug Ther Bull. 2016 Apr;54(4):42-5. doi: 10.1136/dtb.2016.4.0393.
Idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS)-also known as Willis-Ekbom disease-is a neurological condition characterised by an overwhelming urge to move the legs, occurring during rest or inactivity, especially at night.(1-3)Symptoms are highly variable in frequency and severity, and can affect sleep and quality of life. First-line management includes addressing precipitating or aggravating factors and providing explanation, reassurance and advice on self-help strategies.(4-9)Drug therapy (e.g. a dopamine agonist) is used for patients with more severe symptoms.(6)In December 2014, the marketing authorisation for a modified-release preparation containing oxycodone and naloxone (Targinact-Napp Pharmaceuticals) was expanded to include use in the treatment of severe to very severe RLS after failure of dopaminergic therapy.(10)Here we review the management of adults with RLS, including the place of oxycodone/naloxone.
3.Safety concerns with long-term opioid use.
Harned M1, Sloan P1. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2016 Apr 12. [Epub ahead of print]
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of opioid therapy must be balanced by any adverse effects. In recent years, prescription opioids have been increasingly prescribed, but have also been associated with increased abuse, overdose and death. Areas Covered: This review will categorize the common risks of opioid administration. Recognized adverse effects of opioid therapy include constipation, tolerance, endocrinopathies, sleep disorders, cognitive effects, respiratory depression, overdose and addiction. Studies have shown that there is increased risk of overdose and death with higher daily opioid doses, particularly above a morphine equivalent oral daily dose of 100 milligrams. Extended-release/long acting (ER/LA) opioid formulations may be beneficial for the compliant patient, yet may expose a higher risk for abuse if used inappropriately since each tablet carries a larger dose of medication. Expert Opinion: Prospective, controlled one-year trials are needed to establish the efficacy and safety profile of chronic opioid therapy.
4.Findings and lessons learnt from implementing Australia's first health service based take-home naloxone program.
Chronister KJ1,2, Lintzeris N3,4, Jackson A1,3, Ivan M1,2, Dietze P5, Lenton S6, Kearley J1,3, van Beek I1,7. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2016 Apr 13. doi: 10.1111/dar.12400. [Epub ahead of print]
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Opioid overdose prevention programs providing take-home naloxone have been expanding internationally. This paper summarises findings and lessons learnt from the Overdose Prevention and Emergency Naloxone Project which is the first take-home naloxone program in Australia implemented in a health care setting.
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CAS 465-65-6 Naloxone

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