Metiamide - CAS 34839-70-8
Catalog number:
34839-70-8
Category:
Inhibitor
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
C9H16N4S2
Molecular Weight:
244.385
COA:
Inquire
Targets:
Histamine Receptor
Description:
Metiamide is developed from another burimamide, used as a histamine H2 receptor antagonist.
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Purity:
≥98%
Appearance:
White powder
Synonyms:
WIN 39103; 3-[(1-hydroxyethylidene)amino]-2,4,6-triiodo-5-(N-methylacetamido)-N-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxy-1-oxohexan-2-yl]benzene-1-carboximidic acid
Solubility:
Soluble in DMSO
Storage:
Store at 2-8 °C
MSDS:
Inquire
Application:
Metrizamide is used for lumbar, thoracic, cervical, and total columnar myelography to determine the presence of abnormalities in the spinal column, spinal canal, and central nervous system (CNS) as well as for cisternography by direct injection using stan
Quality Standard:
Enterprise Standard
Shelf Life:
As supplied, 2 years from the QC date provided on the Certificate of Analysis, when stored properly
Quantity:
Milligrams-Grams
InChIKey:
DTZMSDADRKLCQE-RFMXWLSYSA-N
InChI:
1S/C18H22I3N3O8/c1-6(27)22-14-11(19)10(12(20)15(13(14)21)24(3)7(2)28)18(32)23-8(4-25)16(30)17(31)9(29)5-26/h4,8-9,16-17,26,29-31H,5H2,1-3H3,(H,22,27)(H,23,32)/t8-,9+,16+,17+/m0/s1
Canonical SMILES:
CC(=O)NC1=C(C(=C(C(=C1I)C(=O)NC2C(C(C(OC2O)CO)O)O)I)N(C)C(=O)C)I
1.Constitutive activity and ligand selectivity of human, guinea pig, rat, and canine histamine H2 receptors.
Preuss H1, Ghorai P, Kraus A, Dove S, Buschauer A, Seifert R. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2007 Jun;321(3):983-95. Epub 2007 Mar 1.
Previous studies revealed pharmacological differences between human and guinea pig histamine H(2) receptors (H(2)Rs) with respect to the interaction with guanidine-type agonists. Because H(2)R species variants are structurally very similar, comparative studies are suited to relate different properties of H(2)R species isoforms to few molecular determinants. Therefore, we systematically compared H(2)Rs of human (h), guinea pig (gp), rat (r), and canine (c). Fusion proteins of hH(2)R, gpH(2)R, rH(2)R, and cH(2)R, respectively, and the short splice variant of G(salpha), G(salphaS), were expressed in Sf9 insect cells. In the membrane steady-state GTPase activity assay, cH(2)R-G(salphaS) but neither gpH(2)R-G(salphaS) nor rH(2)R-G(salphaS) showed the hallmarks of increased constitutive activity compared with hH(2)R-G(salphaS), i.e., increased efficacies of partial agonists, increased potencies of agonists with the extent of potency increase being correlated with the corresponding efficacies at hH(2)R-G(salphaS), increased inverse agonist efficacies, and decreased potencies of antagonists.
2.New ultraviolet signal actuated switching valve for the measurement of low level impurities by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
Wolff JC1, Barr L, Moss P. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 1999;13(23):2376-81.
A new ultraviolet (UV) signal actuated switching valve for diverting the main matrix compound to waste, preventing it entering the ion source of the mass spectrometer is described. Sensitivity for trace impurities eluting after the drug substance cimetidine or related compounds could be enhanced by a factor of 4-5. The increase in sensitivity was dependent on the type of ion source which interfaced the mass spectrometer. The benefit of the switching valve was greater with a line of sight type source than with an orthogonal one. The detection limit for a trace compound in a matrix compound was improved by up to a factor of 10 with the line of sight type source but only by a factor of 5 with the orthogonal source.
3.Cimetidine and other H2-receptor antagonists as inhibitors of human E3 aldehyde dehydrogenase.
Kikonyogo A1, Pietruszko R. Mol Pharmacol. 1997 Aug;52(2):267-71.
The histamine H2-receptor antagonists have been identified as inhibitors of human liver aldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.3) isozymes, E1, E2, and E3. Inhibition was strongest with the E3 isozyme, whose substrates include gamma-aminobutyraldehyde, the aldehyde metabolites of polyamines, and betaine aldehyde. Burimamide, metiamide, cimetidine guanidine, cimetidine, and tiotidine were competitive with aldehyde substrates and noncompetitive with the coenzyme, binding to both the free E3 isozyme and the enzyme-coenzyme binary complex. Cimetidine and tiotidine were the best inhibitors, with Ki values of 1.1 +/- 0.2 microM and 1.0 +/- 0.0 microM, respectively; both are the first ever described potent and selective inhibitors of the E3 isozyme. Examination of the H2-receptor antagonist structures for insight into the moieties accounting for E3 isozyme inhibition pointed to the side-chain polar groups as strongly influencing inhibition, with the cyanoguanidine side chain of cimetidine and tiotidine having the strongest influence.
4.H2 histaminergic control of inhibition of eating induced by intragastric NaCl in rats.
Kraly FS1, Katz JB, Burchard AE, Case C, Gabriel VA, Lanz TA, Mikkelsen ME, Sokol MB. Physiol Behav. 1998 Aug;65(1):105-13.
A role for endogenous histamine and histamine receptor subtypes in mediating the inhibition of eating induced by intragastric (i.g.) hypertonic NaCl was examined in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats surgically equipped with a chronic gastric catheter. The i.g. infusion of 2 mL 900 or 1,800 mOsm/kg of NaCl inhibited: 1) ingestion of pellets in rats eating after 24-h food deprivation; and 2) ingestion of cookies in rats eating without prior deprivation. The H1 receptor antagonists dexbrompheniramine (DXB; 1 mg/kg) and pyrilamine (PYR; 4 mg/kg) did not attenuate the inhibitory effects of i.g. 900 or 1,800 mOsm/kg of NaCl for rats eating pellets and for rats eating cookies. The H2 antagonists cimetidine (CIM; 16 mg/kg) and metiamide (MET; 16 mg/kg) attenuated the inhibitory effects of i.g. 1,800 mOsm/kg of NaCl upon ingestion of cookies, but intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion (through a chronic indwelling cannula) of 100 microg of CIM did not mimic this effect of intraperitoneal (i.
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CAS 34839-70-8 Metiamide

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