|Description||L-DOPA(alt., L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) is a chemical that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, some animals and plants. Some animals and humans make it via biosynthesis from the amino acid L-tyrosine. L-DOPA is the precursor to the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and epinephrine (adrenaline) collectively known as catecholamines. Furthermore, L-DOPA itself mediates neurotrophic factor release by the brain and CNS. L-DOPA can be manufactured and in its pure form is sold as a psychoactive drug with the INN levodopa; trade names include Sinemet, Pharmacopa, Atamet, Stalevo, Madopar, and Prolopa. As a drug, it is used in the clinical treatment of Parkinson's disease and dopamine-responsive dystonia.|
|Synonyms||BETA-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-L-ALANINE; HYDROXYTYROSINE; H-PHE(3,4-DI-HYDROXY)-OH; H-PHE(3,4-DI-OH)-OH; H-TYR(3-HYDROXY)-OH; L-BETA-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)ALANINE; L-DOPA; L-DOPA, L-3-HYDROXYTYROSINE|
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