L-Theanine - CAS 3081-61-6
Catalog number: B0005-465434
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L-Theanine is a glutamine analog found in the green tea plant. It can bind to glutamate receptors and inhibit glutamate transporters, which exhibits a neuroprotective effect. It has the function of modulating several cancer chemotherapeutic agents.
Nutritional supplement in health care products.
Ingredient of health care products.
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1.Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals the Molecular Mechanisms of Drought-Stress-Induced Decreases in Camellia sinensis Leaf Quality.
Wang W;Xin H;Wang M;Ma Q;Wang L;Kaleri NA;Wang Y;Li X Front Plant Sci. 2016 Mar 30;7:385. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00385. eCollection 2016.
The tea plant [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] is an important commercial crop rich in bioactive ingredients, especially catechins, caffeine, theanine and other free amino acids, which the quality of tea leaves depends on. Drought is the most important environmental stress affecting the yield and quality of this plant. In this study, the effects of drought stress on the phenotype, physiological characteristics and major bioactive ingredients accumulation of C. sinensis leaves were examined, and the results indicated that drought stress resulted in dehydration and wilt of the leaves, and significant decrease in the total polyphenols and free amino acids and increase in the total flavonoids. In addition, HPLC analysis showed that the catechins, caffeine, theanine and some free amino acids in C. sinensis leaves were significantly reduced in response to drought stress, implying that drought stress severely decreased the quality of C. sinensis leaves. Furthermore, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to amino acid metabolism and secondary metabolism were identified and quantified in C. sinensis leaves under drought stress using high-throughput Illumina RNA-Seq technology, especially the key regulatory genes of the catechins, caffeine, and theanine biosynthesis pathways.
2.L-Theanine Improves Immunity by Altering TH2/TH1 Cytokine Balance, Brain Neurotransmitters, and Expression of Phospholipase C in Rat Hearts.
Li C;Tong H;Yan Q;Tang S;Han X;Xiao W;Tan Z Med Sci Monit. 2016 Feb 28;22:662-9.
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the regulatory effects of L-theanine on secretion of immune cytokines, hormones, and neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of phospholipase C (PLC) in rats, and to explore its regulatory mechanism in immune function. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-four Sprague-Dawley rats received daily intragastric infusion of different doses of L-theanine solution [0, 50 (LT), 200 (MT), and 400 (HT) mg/kg BW]. Cytokines, immunoglobulins, and hormones in the serum, neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of PLC in the relevant tissues were assayed. RESULTS L-theanine administration increased the splenic organ index and decreased the contents of ILs-4/6/10 and the ratio of IL-4/IFN-γ in the serum. High-dose L-theanine administration increased the levels of dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine in the pituitary and hippocampus, resulting in decrease in corticosterone level in the serum. L-theanine administration decreased the mRNA expressions of PLC isomers in the liver and PLC-γ1 and PLC-δ1 in the spleen. Interestingly, mRNA expressions of PLC-β1 in the spleen and PLC isomers mRNA in the heart were up-regulated by L-theanine administration. CONCLUSIONS Administration of 400 mg/kg BWL-theanine improved immune function of the rats by increasing the splenic weight, altering the Th2/Th1 cytokine balance, decreasing the corticosterone level in the serum, elevating dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine in the brain, and regulating the mRNA expression of PLC isomers in the heart.
3.Simultaneous analysis of theanine, chlorogenic acid, purine alkaloids and catechins in tea samples with the help of multi-dimension information of on-line high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray-mass spectrometry.
Zhu X;Chen B;Ma M;Luo X;Zhang F;Yao S;Wan Z;Yang D;Hang H J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2004 Feb 18;34(3):695-704.
A reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) separation coupled with photo diode array detection (DAD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) detection was established for the analyzing of multiple bioactive compounds in tea and tea extracts. Theanine, chlorogenic acid, purine alkaloids and catechins were identified with authentic standard compounds and with MS-spectra. The content of theanine and catechins was measured by employing DAD and caffeine, chlorogenic acid, theobromine and theopylline by protonated molecular ion on selective ion recording (SIR) mode. The unity of LC/ESI-MS provides more qualitative and quantitative information comparing with general HPLC in the analysis of multi-components in tea, and complex extraction or sample pretreatment is unnecessary. The chromatogram acquired by using this method can be used as a bioactive components fingerprint for the quality control of tea and its extracts. With the help of multi-dimension information of HPLC-DAD-ESIMS, the compounds owning different chemical structure such as amino acid, catechins, etc. in tea and its extracts could be identified and determined in one run successfully.
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CAS 3081-61-6 L-Theanine

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