K-7174 - CAS 191089-59-5
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Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
K-7174 is a novel orally active, potent proteasome inhibitor. K-7174 exerts anti-myeloma activity in vitro and in vivo by down-regulating the expression of class I histone deacetylases. K-7174 kills bortezomib-resistant myeloma cells carrying a β5-subunit mutation in vivo and primary cells from a patient resistant to bortezomib. K-7174 is also a GATA-specific inhibitor, which may have potential application in treating anemia of chronic disease.
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K-7174; K 7174; K7174
1.Suppression of cytokine response by GATA inhibitor K-7174 via unfolded protein response.
Takano Y1, Hiramatsu N, Okamura M, Hayakawa K, Shimada T, Kasai A, Yokouchi M, Shitamura A, Yao J, Paton AW, Paton JC, Kitamura M. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Aug 24;360(2):470-5. Epub 2007 Jun 26.
K-7174, a GATA-specific inhibitor, is a putative anti-inflammatory agent that attenuates effects of inflammatory cytokines in certain cell types. However, molecular mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. We found that, in glomerular podocytes, induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by TNF-alpha was abrogated by K-7174. It was correlated with unexpected induction of unfolded protein response (UPR) evidenced by: (1) induction of endogenous indicators 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein, and (2) suppression of an exogenous indicator, endoplasmic reticulum stress-repressive alkaline phosphatase. In podocytes, induction of UPR by either tunicamycin, thapsigargin, A23187 or AB5 subtilase cytotoxin completely reproduced the suppressive effect of K-7174. Furthermore, K-7174-elicited UPR abrogated induction of MCP-1 and iNOS not only by TNF-alpha but also by medium conditioned by activated macrophages.
2.A GATA-specific inhibitor (K-7174) rescues anemia induced by IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, or L-NMMA.
Imagawa S1, Nakano Y, Obara N, Suzuki N, Doi T, Kodama T, Nagasawa T, Yamamoto M. FASEB J. 2003 Sep;17(12):1742-4. Epub 2003 Jul 18.
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), or N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) are increased in patients with chronic disease-related anemia. They increase the binding activity of GATA and inhibit erythropoietin (Epo) promoter activity. In this study, we examined the ability of K-7174 (a GATA-specific inhibitor) to improve Epo production when inhibited by treatment with IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, or L-NMMA. Epo protein production and promoter activity were induced in Hep3B cells with 1% O2. However, 15 U/ml IL-1beta, 220 U/ml TNF-alpha, or 10(-3) M L-NMMA inhibited Epo protein production and promoter activity, respectively. Addition of 10 microM K-7174 rescued these inhibitions of Epo protein production and promoter activity induced by IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, or L-NMMA, respectively. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that addition of K-7174 decreased GATA binding activity, which was increased with the addition of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, or L-NMMA.
3.A novel cell adhesion inhibitor, K-7174, reduces the endothelial VCAM-1 induction by inflammatory cytokines, acting through the regulation of GATA.
Umetani M1, Nakao H, Doi T, Iwasaki A, Ohtaka M, Nagoya T, Mataki C, Hamakubo T, Kodama T. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 7;272(2):370-4.
A novel inhibitor for the adhesion of monocytes to cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells, K-7174, was selected by an assay system using the cultured human monocytic cells and human endothelial cells. K-7174 inhibited the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) induced by either tumor necrosis factor alpha or interleukin-1beta, without affecting the induction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 or E-selectin. K-7174 had no effect on the stability of VCAM-1 mRNA. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that its inhibitory effect on VCAM-1 induction was mediated by an effect on the binding to the GATA motifs in the VCAM-1 gene promoter region. K-7174 did not influence the binding to any of the following binding motifs: octamer binding protein, AP-1, SP-1, ets, NFkappaB, or interferon regulatory factor. These results suggest that the regulation of GATA binding may become a new target for anti-inflammatory drug development, acting through a mechanism independent from NFkappaB activity.
4.Unexpected blockade of adipocyte differentiation by K-7174: implication for endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Shimada T1, Hiramatsu N, Okamura M, Hayakawa K, Kasai A, Yao J, Kitamura M. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Nov 16;363(2):355-60. Epub 2007 Sep 6.
Preadipocytes constitutively express GATA-2 and GATA-3 that are required to halt the cells at the undifferentiated stage. However, we unexpectedly found that K-7174, a GATA-specific inhibitor, did not induce but rather inhibited differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. It was associated with lack of lipid accumulation, blunted expression of adipocyte markers including adiponectin and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), and sustained expression of a preadipocyte marker monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1). Subsequent experiments revealed that K-7174 had the potential to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress evidenced by induction of GRP78 and CHOP. Other inducers of ER stress completely reproduced the effects of K-7174 including suppression of lipid accumulation, blockade of induction of adiponection and PPARgamma and maintenance of MCP-1 expression. These results indicated a possibility that ER stress suppresses adipocyte differentiation and that GATA inhibitor K-7174 has the potential for interfering with adipogenesis through induction of ER stress.
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CAS 191089-59-5 K-7174

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