Guanine - CAS 73-40-5
Catalog number: 73-40-5
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1.Antiproliferative effects induced by guanine-based purines require hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase activity.
Garozzo R;Sortino MA;Vancheri C;Condorelli DF Biol Chem. 2010 Sep;391(9):1079-89. doi: 10.1515/BC.2010.106.
Guanine (GUA), guanosine and GMP exert a marked growth inhibition on the U87 glioma cell line that is not seen with other tested nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleobases. This effect could be replicated in several different human tumoral cell lines. Guanine shows a higher potency than guanosine or GMP, and co-treatments with adenosine or adenine are able to antagonize or revert the antiproliferative effect of guanine. The loss of the guanine effect in a cell line bearing a mutated inactive hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT), and the decreased potency of GUA in U87 cells silenced for HGPRT transcripts, demonstrates the central role of the intracellular metabolism of GUA for growth-inhibitory effects. Considering the potential application of growth-inhibitory substances in anticancer therapy, knowledge of the molecular mechanism underlying GUA-induced effects encourages studies aimed at defining possible tumoral targets for experimental therapies.
2.Theoretical calculation of the NMR spin-spin coupling constants and the NMR shifts allow distinguishability between the specific direct and the water-mediated binding of a divalent metal cation to guanine.
Sychrovský V;Sponer J;Hobza P J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Jan 21;126(2):663-72.
The calculated intermolecular and intramolecular indirect NMR spin-spin coupling constants and NMR shifts were used for the discrimination between the inner-shell and the outer-shell binding motif of hydrated divalent cations Mg(2+) or Zn(2+) with a guanine base. The intermolecular coupling constants (1)J(X,O6) and (1)J(X,N7) (X = Mg(2+), Zn(2+)) can be unambiguously assigned to the specific inner-shell binding motif of the hydrated cation either with oxygen O6 or with nitrogen N7 of guanine. The calculated coupling constants (1)J(Mg,O6) and (1)J(Zn,O6) were 6.2 and -17.5 Hz, respectively, for the inner-shell complex of cation directly interacting with oxygen O6 of guanine. For the inner-shell coordination of the cation at nitrogen N7, the calculated coupling constants (1)J(Mg,N7) and (1)J(Zn,N7) were 5.6 and -36.5 Hz, respectively. When the binding of the cation is water-mediated, the coupling constant is zero. To obtain reliable shifts in NMR parameters, hydrated guanine was utilized as the reference state. The calculated change of NMR spin-spin coupling constants due to the hydration and coordination of the cation with guanine is caused mainly by the variation of Fermi-contact coupling contribution while the variation of diamagnetic spin-orbit, paramagnetic spin-orbit, and spin-dipolar coupling contributions is small.
3.LMX1B-Associated Nephropathy With Type III Collagen Deposition in the Glomerular and Tubular Basement Membranes.
Andeen NK;Schleit J;Blosser CD;Dorschner MO;Hisama FM;Smith KD Am J Kidney Dis. 2018 Aug;72(2):296-301. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.09.023. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
Variants in the LMX1B gene cause nail-patella syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by dysplasia of nails, patella and elbow abnormalities, iliac "horns," and glaucoma. We describe an adult man with nephrotic syndrome and no systemic manifestations of nail-patella syndrome at the time of his initial kidney biopsy. His kidney biopsy was initially interpreted as a form of segmental sclerosis with unusual fibrillar deposits. At the time of consideration for kidney transplantation, a family history was notable for end-stage renal disease in 3 generations. Subsequent reanalysis of the initial biopsy showed infiltration of the lamina densa by type III collagen fibrils, and molecular studies identified a pathogenic variant in one allele of LMX1B (a guanine to adenine substitution at nucleoide 737 of the coding sequence [c.737G>A], predicted to result in an arginine to glutamine substitution at amino acid 246 [p.Arg246Gln]). This variant has been described previously in multiple unrelated families who presented with autosomal dominant nephropathy without nail and patellar abnormalities.
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CAS 73-40-5 Guanine

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