Ginsenoside-Rb3 - CAS 68406-26-8
Catalog number:
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
Molecular Weight:
Ginsenoside Rb3, a natural triterpenoid saponin, possesses the effect against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and heart function impairment, and that the mechanism of pharmacological action was related to the antioxidant activity of ginsenosideRb3
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White powder
(3β,12β)-3-[(2-O-β-D-Glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-20-yl 6-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside;Gypenoside IV
Soluble in DMSO
Store at -20 °C
Ginsenoside Rb3 inhibits the upregulation of phospho-IκB-α and nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunit p65 induced by glucose deprivation then reperfusion.
Quality Standard:
Enterprise Standard
Shelf Life:
As supplied, 2 years from the QC date provided on the Certificate of Analysis, when stored properly
Melting Point:
193-195 °C
Canonical SMILES:
1.[Screening of pregnane X receptor activation from ginsenosides].
Wang YG1, Liu HS, Zhang XX, Xiao Y, Lu BB, Ma ZC, Liang QD, Tang XL, Xiao CR, Tan HL, Zhang BL, Gao Y. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2013 Jan;48(1):144-8.
In order to study effects of ginseng on the metabolism of drug belong to CYP3A4 substrate, screening of pregnane X receptor activation from ginsenosides was performed by reporter assay. Based on PXR-CYP3A stable translation cell lines, 13 ginsenosides were screened for pregnane X receptor activation by reporter assays, and RIF as the positive control. The effect of ginsenosides Rg1 onCYP3A4 mRNA expression was also investigated by RT-PCR. The PXR-CYP3A stable translation cell lines had good response to RIF, and the EC50 is 2.51 micro mol x L(-1). When the condition of final concentration was 10 micromol x L(-1), ginsenoside F2 and protopanaxatriol had moderate inductive effects on PXR. Panaxotriol, Rg2, pseudoginsenoside F11, Rg1, ginsenoside and Rb3 had inhibitory effects on PXR. Ginsenoside Rf1, Rg3, Rh2 and protopanaxdiol had no obvious effects on PXR. Rg1 down-regulated CYP3A4 mRNA expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Activation of pregnane X receptor by ginsenosides may influence the metabolism of drug belong to CYP3A4 substrate, and cause ginseng-drug interactions.
2.Antidepressant-like effects of ginsenosides: A comparison of ginsenoside Rb3 and its four deglycosylated derivatives, Rg3, Rh2, compound K, and 20(S)-protopanaxadiol in mice models of despair.
Zhang H1, Li Z2, Zhou Z3, Yang H3, Zhong Z4, Lou C4. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2016 Jan;140:17-26. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2015.10.018. Epub 2015 Oct 31.
Ginsenoside Rb3 has been proved to have antidepressant-like effects, which possesses 1 xylose and 3 glucose moieties with 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) as the aglycone. However, it is commonly accepted that orally ingested ginsenosides can be deglycosylated or partially deglycosylated into active derivatives by the intestinal bacteria. To identify potential antidepressant drug candidates, we compared the antidepressant-like activities between ginsenoside Rb3 and its four deglycosylated derivatives, Rg3, Rh2, compound K (C-K), and PPD. Effects of acute (1-day), short chronic (7-days), and longer chronic treatments (14-days) with these ginsenosides (50 and 100mg/kg, p.o.) on the behavioral changes in the forced swim test (FST), tail suspension test (TST) and open field test were investigated. Serum corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels and mouse brain monoamine neurotransmitters 5-HT, NA and DA levels were measured using commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.
3.Ginsenoside Rb3 protects cardiomyocytes against ischemia-reperfusion injury via the inhibition of JNK-mediated NF-κB pathway: a mouse cardiomyocyte model.
Ma L1, Liu H1, Xie Z1, Yang S1, Xu W1, Hou J1, Yu B1. PLoS One. 2014 Aug 1;9(8):e103628. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103628. eCollection 2014.
Ginsenoside Rb3 is extracted from the plant Panax ginseng and plays important roles in cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in I/R injury. However, the underlying mechanism of ginsenoside Rb3 in myocardial I/R injury remains poorly understood. In the current study, a model of myocardial I/R injury was induced via oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) followed by reperfusion (OGD-Rep) in mouse cardiac myoblast H9c2 cells. Our data demonstrate that ginsenoside Rb3 suppresses OGD-Rep-induced cell apoptosis by the suppression of ROS generation. By detecting the NF-κB signaling pathway, we discover that the protective effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on the OGD-Rep injury is closely related to the inhibition of NF-κB activity. Ginsenoside Rb3 inhibits the upregulation of phospho-IκB-α and nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunit p65 which are induced by ORD-Rep injury.
4.Ginsenoside Rb3 attenuates oxidative stress and preserves endothelial function in renal arteries from hypertensive rats.
Wang Y1, Dong J, Liu P, Lau CW, Gao Z, Zhou D, Tang J, Ng CF, Huang Y. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Jul;171(13):3171-81. doi: 10.1111/bph.12660.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Panax ginseng is commonly used to treat cardiovascular conditions in Oriental countries. This study investigated the mechanisms underlying the vascular benefits of ginsenoside Rb3 (Rb3) in hypertension.
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CAS 68406-26-8 Ginsenoside-Rb3

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