1.The farnesyltransferase inhibitor, FTI-2153, blocks bipolar spindle formation and chromosome alignment and causes prometaphase accumulation during mitosis of human lung cancer cells.
Crespo NC1, Ohkanda J, Yen TJ, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM. J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11;276(19):16161-7. Epub 2001 Jan 11.
Even though farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs), a novel class of therapeutic agents presently in clinical trials, have preclinically outstanding anticancer activity and impressive lack of toxicity, their mechanism of action is not well understood. To enhance our understanding of how FTIs inhibit the growth of tumors, we have investigated their effects on cell cycle progression of two human lung cancer cell lines, A-549 and Calu-1. In this report, we show in synchronized A-549 and Calu-1 cells that FTI-2153 treatment resulted in a large accumulation of cells in the mitosis phase of the cell division cycle, with some cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase. Furthermore, microtubule immunostaining and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole DNA staining demonstrated that the FTI-2153-induced accumulation in mitosis is due to the inability of these cells to progress from prophase to metaphase. FTI-2153 inhibited the ability of A-549 and Calu-1 cells to form bipolar spindles and caused formation of monoasteral spindles.
2.The farnesyltransferase inhibitor, FTI-2153, inhibits bipolar spindle formation during mitosis independently of transformation and Ras and p53 mutation status.
Crespo NC1, Delarue F, Ohkanda J, Carrico D, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM. Cell Death Differ. 2002 Jul;9(7):702-9.
Recently, we have shown that the farnesyltransferase inhibitor FTI-2153 induces accumulation of two human lung cancer cell lines in mitosis by inhibiting bipolar spindle formation during prometaphase. Here we investigate whether this mitotic arrest depends on transformation, Ras and/or p53 mutation status. Using DAPI staining (DNA) and immunocytochemistry (microtubules), we demonstrate that in normal primary foreskin fibroblasts (HFF), as well as in several cancer cell lines of different origins including human ovarian (OVCAR3), lung (A-549 and Calu-1) and fibrosarcoma (HT1080), FTI-2153 inhibits bipolar spindle formation and induces a rosette morphology with a monopolar spindle surrounded by chromosomes. In both malignant cancer cell lines and normal primary fibroblasts, the percentage of prometaphase cells with bipolar spindles decreases from 67-92% in control cells to 2-28% in FTI-2153 treated cells. This inhibition of bipolar spindle formation correlates with an accumulation of cells in prometaphase.