Flunisolide - CAS 3385-03-3
Category: Inhibitor
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
Molecular Weight:
Glucocorticoid Receptor | Others
Flunisolide is a corticosteroid and used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
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Brife Description:
corticosteroid receptor agonist
Rhinalar; Synaclyn; Aerobid; Flunisolide HFA; 6α-fluoro-11β,21-dihydroxy-16α,17-[(1-methylethylidene)bis(oxy)]-pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
the treatment of allergic rhinitis
Canonical SMILES:
1.Stopping long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) for children with asthma well controlled on LABA and inhaled corticosteroids.
Kew KM1, Beggs S, Ahmad S. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 May 21;5:CD011316. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011316.pub2.
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic medical condition among children and is one of the most common causes of hospitalisation and medical visits. Poorly controlled asthma often leads to preventable exacerbations that require additional medications, hospital stays, or treatment in the emergency department.Long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) are the preferred add-on treatment for children with asthma whose symptoms are not well controlled on inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The US Food and Drug Administration has issued a 'black box' warning for LABA in asthma, and now recommends that they be used "for the shortest duration of time required to achieve control of asthma symptoms and discontinued, if possible, once asthma control is achieved".
2.Stability and aerodynamic behaviour of glucocorticoid particles prepared by a supercritical fluids process.
Velaga SP1, Bergh S, Carlfors J. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2004 Mar;21(4):501-9.
Particle processing techniques using supercritical fluids (SF) are potential alternative technologies to design particles for inhalation. Powders of budesonide and flunisolide were prepared using solution enhanced dispersion by supercritical fluids (SEDS) process. The aim was to determine thermodynamic stability of different polymorphs of flunisolide including new forms from SEDS technology and to characterise micronised and SEDS produced powders of budesonide and flunisolide for their suitability as inhalation powders. Acetone and methanol solutions of budesonide and flunisolide, with a concentration of 2.5 mg/ml, were used for the particle preparation. The pressure was 100 bar and temperatures were 60 degrees C or 80 degrees C. The flow rates of CO(2) and drug solution were 9 ml/min and 0.3 ml/min, respectively. Chemical purity of different polymorphs of flunisolide was estimated using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and thermal behaviour was determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).
3.Flunisolide for the treatment of asthma.
Melani AS1. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2014 May;7(3):251-8. doi: 10.1586/17512433.2014.908117. Epub 2014 Apr 9.
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are recommended for treatment of persistent asthma. Several ICSs are available and delivered by a variety of devices. After the banning of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), a formulation of hydrofluoroalkane (HFA)-flunisolide marketed with an in-built spacer has been developed, complying with the request of efficacy and safety for children and adults. It delivers an aerosol with mass median aerodynamic diameter smaller than that of the CFC-formulation (1.2 vs 3.8 m). The extrafine aerosol and the add-on spacer are peculiarities of HFA-flunisolide with respect to the traditional ICSs, assuring larger lung deposition, lower oro-pharyngeal dose and targeting small airways. HFA-flunisolide with the spacer is effective at one-third the dose of CFC-flunisolide delivered without spacer. HFA-flunisolide may be considered an effective alternative to currently available ICSs for asthma management of adult and pediatric patients 6 years of age and older.
4.Inhaled corticosteroids in children with persistent asthma: effects on growth.
Zhang L1, Prietsch SO, Ducharme FM. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jul 17;7:CD009471. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009471.pub2.
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for asthma recommend inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as first-line therapy for children with persistent asthma. Although ICS treatment is generally considered safe in children, the potential systemic adverse effects related to regular use of these drugs have been and continue to be a matter of concern, especially the effects on linear growth.
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CAS 3385-03-3 Flunisolide

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