Faropenem daloxate - CAS 141702-36-5
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Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
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Faropenem daloxate is useful for penem and antibiotics. Faropenem medoxomil has excellent in vitro activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and other key pathogens implicated in acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Clinical studies have demonstrated that, in the treatment of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in adults, 7 days of treatment with faropenem medoxomil is as clinically and bacteriologically effective as 10 days of treatment with cefuroxime axetil. One study showed faropenem medoxomil to be superior to cefuroxime axetil. Overall, the safety profile of faropenem medoxomil is similar to that of most comparators.
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Faropenem medoxil
1.Faropenem medoxomil: A0026, BAY 56-6854, BAY 566854, faropenem daloxate, SUN 208, SUN A0026.
Drugs R D. 2008;9(2):115-24.
Replidyne is developing faropenem medoxomil, the ester-type prodrug of faropenem, for the treatment of bacterial infections and respiratory tract infections, including acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB), acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Faropenem medoxomil is also being developed for the treatment of tonsillitis, pharyngitis and otitis media in children. Faronpenem medoxomil was discovered by scientists at Suntory Institute for Biomedical Research (now Asubio Pharma). The compound has significantly improved oral bioavailability and is dehydropeptidase-I stable. Following absorption, faropenem medoxomil is rapidly hydrolysed to the active drug faropenem. An NDA was filed in the US but was deemed not approvable by the US authorities. Following the termination of the license agreement between Replidyne and Forest Laboratories, Replidyne is now exploring other partnering opportunities for faropenem medoxomil.
2.Gateways to clinical trials. July-August 2008.
Tomillero A, Moral MA. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2008 Jul-Aug;30(6):459-95.
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3.Human carboxymethylenebutenolidase as a bioactivating hydrolase of olmesartan medoxomil in liver and intestine.
Ishizuka T1, Fujimori I, Kato M, Noji-Sakikawa C, Saito M, Yoshigae Y, Kubota K, Kurihara A, Izumi T, Ikeda T, Okazaki O. J Biol Chem. 2010 Apr 16;285(16):11892-902. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.072629. Epub 2010 Feb 19.
Olmesartan medoxomil (OM) is a prodrug type angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist widely prescribed as an antihypertensive agent. Herein, we describe the identification and characterization of the OM bioactivating enzyme that hydrolyzes the prodrug and converts to its pharmacologically active metabolite olmesartan in human liver and intestine. The protein was purified from human liver cytosol by successive column chromatography and was identified by mass spectrometry to be a carboxymethylenebutenolidase (CMBL) homolog. Human CMBL, whose endogenous function has still not been reported, is a human homolog of Pseudomonas dienelactone hydrolase involved in the bacterial halocatechol degradation pathway. The ubiquitous expression of human CMBL gene transcript in various tissues was observed. The recombinant human CMBL expressed in mammalian cells was clearly shown to activate OM. By comparing the enzyme kinetics and chemical inhibition properties between the recombinant protein and human tissue preparations, CMBL was demonstrated to be the primary OM bioactivating enzyme in the liver and intestine.
4.Juvenile toxicity study of faropenem medoxomil in beagle puppies.
Faqi AS1, Lanphear C, Gill S, Colagiovanni DB. Reprod Toxicol. 2010 Dec;30(4):619-24. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2010.07.010. Epub 2010 Aug 11.
We determined the toxicity of faropenem medoxomil (FPM) in neonatal/juvenile dogs following 28 days of administration. The puppies received vehicle or FPM beginning on Postnatal Day (PND) 22 at respective dose levels of 0, 100, 300, 600, or 1400 mg/kg-d (four daily doses (QID) of 25, 75, 150, or 350 mg/kg/dose), respectively, at a dose volume of 5 mL/kg/dose. Body weight, food consumption, clinical observation, clinical pathology, urine analysis and TK were evaluated. Body weight in males and kidney findings at 1400 mg/kg-d were considered adverse. Comparison of Day 27 TK values with Day 1 parameters showed a change in FPM pharmacokinetic behavior over time with an apparent increase in the rate of clearance characterized by a decrease in AUC(0-6) and T(max) values on Day 27 with little to no change in C(max) values. Based on these results, the No Observed Adverse Effect Level was 600 mg/kg-d.
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CAS 141702-36-5 Faropenem daloxate

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