1.Effects of Evodiamine on the Pharmacokinetics of Dapoxetine and Its Metabolite Desmethyl Dapoxetine in Rats.
Li RF1, Fu JM, Lv XZ, Zhang DT, Pan YY, Rao DP, Yu KY. Pharmacology. 2016;97(1-2):43-7. doi: 10.1159/000441568. Epub 2015 Nov 21.
The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of orally administered evodiamine on the pharmacokinetics of dapoxetine and its active metabolite desmethyl dapoxetine in rats. Twelve healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: the control group (received oral 10 mg/kg dapoxetine alone) and the combination group (10 mg/kg dapoxetine orally co-administered with 100 mg/kg evodiamine). The plasma concentration of dapoxetine and desmethyl dapoxetine were estimated by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), and different pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using the Drug and Statistics 2.0 software. Compared to the control group, the pharmacokinetic parameter of t1/2, AUC(0-∞) and Tmax of dapoxetine in combination group was significantly increased by 63.3% (p < 0.01), 44.8% (p < 0.01) and 50.4% (p < 0.01), respectively. Moreover, evodiamine had significantly decreased the pharmacokinetic parameter of t1/2 and AUC(0-∞) of desmethyl dapoxetine.
2.Evodiamine induces apoptosis and enhances apoptotic effects of erlotinib in wild-type EGFR NSCLC cells via S6K1-mediated Mcl-1 inhibition.
Li YL1,2, Pan YN3, Wu WJ3, Mao SY3, Sun J4, Zhao YM5, Dong JY3, Zhang DY3, Pan JP3, Zhang C6, Lin NM7,8,9. Med Oncol. 2016 Feb;33(2):16. doi: 10.1007/s12032-015-0726-4. Epub 2016 Jan 13.
Erlotinib is effective in NSCLC patients with known drug-sensitizing EGFR mutations, but its clinical efficacy in patients with wild-type EGFR or acquired resistance to erlotinib remains modest. Evodiamine is a chemical extracted from the Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth, we showed that evodiamine could induce anti-proliferation and apoptosis in four wild-type EGFR NSCLC cell lines, and combining evodiamine with erlotinib might successfully inhibit cell proliferation and survival in wild-type EGFR NSCLC cells, characterized as erlotinib-resistant. In addition, evodiamine plus erlotinib significantly increased the apoptotic rate of NSCLC cells, as compared to single agent treatment alone. Further investigation of the mechanism underlying these effects revealed that evodiamine plus erlotinib might downregulate Mcl-1 expression through the mTOR/S6K1 control of its translation. Thus, our study has revealed evodiamine as a pertinent sensitizer to erlotinib and the strategy of combining erlotinib with evodiamine appears to be an attractive option for reversing resistance to erlotinib.
3.Optimization of combinations of ginsenoside-Rg1, ginsenoside-Rb1, evodiamine and rutaecarpine for effective therapy of mouse migraine.
Wu Y1,2, Pan X3, Xu Y3, Lu X3, He S1,2, He R3, Gong M4. J Nat Med. 2016 Apr;70(2):207-16. doi: 10.1007/s11418-015-0960-2. Epub 2015 Dec 28.
Wuzhuyu decoction (WZYD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula. It has been extensively used for treating migraine for thousands of years in TCM. Four potential active ingredients from WZYD, ginsenoside-Rg1 (Rg1), ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), evodiamine (Ev) and rutaecarpine (Ru), were found to have positive correlations with pharmacodynamic indicators involving mouse migraine in our previous study. To find a better therapeutic effect on migraine, this research was carried out to optimize the combinations of Rg1, Rb1, Ev and Ru using the uniform design method. The results showed that Rb1 and Ev played key roles in improving the therapeutic effect on mouse migraine by strongly ameliorating pharmacodynamic indicators associated with migraine. They significantly increased the contents of 5-hydroxytryptamine, noradrenaline and dopamine in brain tissues, and reduced the content of nitric oxide in brain tissues and the activities of nitric oxide synthase in both brain tissues and blood serum.
4.Evodiamine Attenuates PDGF-BB-Induced Migration of Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells through Activating PPARγ.
Ge X1, Chen S2, Liu M3, Liang T4, Liu C5. Int J Mol Sci. 2015 Nov 26;16(12):28180-93. doi: 10.3390/ijms161226093.
The uncontrolled migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) into the intima is a critical process in the development of atherosclerosis. Evodiamine, an indole alkaloid extracted from the Chinese medicine evodia, has been shown to inhibit tumor cell invasion and protect the cardiovascular system, but its effects on VSMCs remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of evodiamine on the platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB)-induced VSMC migration using wound healing and transwell assays, and assessed its role in decreasing the protein levels of matrix metalloproteinases and cell adhesion molecules. More importantly, we found that evodiamine activated the expression and nuclear translocation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ). Inhibition of PPARγ activity by using its antagonist T0070907 and its specific siRNA oligonucleotides significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of evodiamine on VSMC migration.