Enoxacin - CAS 74011-58-8
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Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
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Enoxacin is an oral broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent used in the treatment of urinary tract infections and gonorrhea. Insomnia is a common adverse effect.
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1.Europium Luminescence Used for Logic Gate and Ions Sensing with Enoxacin As the Antenna.
Lu L1,2, Chen C1,2, Zhao D1,2, Sun J1, Yang X1. Anal Chem. 2016 Jan 19;88(2):1238-45. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03593. Epub 2015 Dec 22.
Luminescent lanthanide ion complexes have received increasing attention because of their unique optical properties. Herein, we discovered that the luminescence of europium(III) (Eu(3+)) could be regulated by Ag(+) and SCN(-) in seconds with enoxacin (ENX) as the antenna. Under given conditions, only the simultaneous introduction of Ag(+) and SCN(-) could remarkably enhance the luminescence intensity of Eu(3+)-ENX complexes. This phenomenon has been exploited to design an "AND" logic gate and specific luminescence turn-on assays for sensitively sensing Ag(+) and SCN(-) for the first time. Furthermore, the addition of S(2-) resulted in efficient luminescence quenching of the Eu(3+)/ENX/Ag(+)/SCN(-) system due to the strong affinity between Ag(+) and S(2-). Thus, a new luminescent sensing platform for S(2-) was established, which exhibited excellent selectivity and high sensitivity. S(2-) could be detected within the concentration range of 100 nM to 12.
2.Degradation of enoxacin antibiotic by the electro-Fenton process: Optimization, biodegradability improvement and degradation mechanism.
Annabi C1, Fourcade F2, Soutrel I2, Geneste F3, Floner D3, Bellakhal N4, Amrane A2. J Environ Manage. 2016 Jan 1;165:96-105. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.09.018. Epub 2015 Sep 27.
This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the electro-Fenton process on the removal of a second generation of fluoroquinolone, enoxacin. The electrochemical reactor involved a carbon-felt cathode and a platinum anode. The influence of some experimental parameters, namely the initial enoxacin concentration, the applied current intensity and the Fe(II) amount, was examined. The degradation of the target molecule was accompanied by an increase of the biodegradability, assessed from the BOD5 on COD ratio, which increased from 0 before treatment until 0.5 after 180 min of electrolysis at 50 mg L(-1) initial enoxacin concentration, 0.2 mmol L(-1) Fe(II) concentration and 300 mA applied current intensity. TOC and COD time-courses were also evaluated during electrolysis and reached maximum residual yields of 54% and 43% after 120 min of treatment, respectively. Moreover, a simultaneous generation of inorganic ions (fluorides, ammonium and nitrates) were observed and 3 short chain carboxylic acids (formic, acetic and oxalic acids) were identified and monitored during 180 min of electrolysis.
3.Evaluation of in vitro inhibitory effect of enoxacin on Babesia and Theileria parasites.
Omar MA1, Salama A2, Elsify A2, Rizk MA3, Al-Aboody MS4, AbouLaila M5, El-Sayed SA6, Igarashi I7. Exp Parasitol. 2016 Feb;161:62-7. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2015.12.016. Epub 2015 Dec 25.
Enoxacin is a broad-spectrum 6-fluoronaphthyridinone antibacterial agent (fluoroquinolones) structurally related to nalidixic acid used mainly in the treatment of urinary tract infections and gonorrhea. Also it has been shown recently that it may have cancer inhibiting effect. The primary antibabesial effect of Enoxacin is due to inhibition of DNA gyrase subunit A, and DNA topoisomerase. In the present study, enoxacin was tested as a potent inhibitor against the in vitro growth of bovine and equine Piroplasms. The in vitro growth of five Babesia species that were tested was significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) by micro molar concentrations of enoxacin (IC50 values = 33.5, 15.2, 7.5 and 23.2 μM for Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, Babesia caballi, and Theileria equi, respectively). Enoxacin IC50 values for Babesia and Theileria parasites were satisfactory as the drug is potent antibacterial drug with minimum side effects. Therefore, enoxacin might be used for treatment of Babesiosis and Theileriosis especially in case of mixed infections with bacterial diseases or incase of animal sensitivity against diminazin toxicity.
4.The Inhibitory Effect of Ciprofloxacin on the β-Glucuronidase-mediated Deconjugation of the Irinotecan Metabolite SN-38-G.
Kodawara T1, Higashi T1, Negoro Y1, Kamitani Y1, Igarashi T1, Watanabe K1, Tsukamoto H1,2, Yano R1, Masada M3, Iwasaki H1,2, Nakamura T1. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2016 May;118(5):333-7. doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12511. Epub 2015 Dec 2.
The enterohepatic recycling of a drug consists of its biliary excretion and intestinal reabsorption, which is sometimes accompanied by hepatic conjugation and intestinal deconjugation reactions. β-Glucuronidase, an intestinal bacteria-produced enzyme, can break the bond between a biliary excreted drug and glucuronic acid. Antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin can reduce the enterohepatic recycling of glucuronide-conjugated drugs. In this study, we established an in vitro system to evaluate the β-glucuronidase-mediated deconjugation of the irinotecan metabolite SN-38-G to its active SN-38 form and the effect of ciprofloxacin thereon. SN-38 formation increased in a time-dependent manner from 5 to 30 min. in the presence of β-glucuronidase. Ciprofloxacin and phenolphthalein-β-d-glucuronide (PhePG), a typical β-glucuronidase substrate, significantly decreased SN-38-G deconjugation and, hence SN-38 formation. Similarly, the antibiotics enoxacin and gatifloxacin significantly inhibited the conversion of SN-38-G to SN-38, which was not observed for levofloxacin, streptomycin, ampicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanate.
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CAS 74011-58-8 Enoxacin

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