Dihydro-β-erythroidine hydrobromide - CAS 29734-68-7
Category: Inhibitor
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Molecular Formula:
C16H21NO3.HBr
Molecular Weight:
356.26
COA:
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Targets:
nAChR
Description:
The hydrobromide salt form of Dihydro-β-erythroidine, which is a competitive nAChR antagonist and has been found to show antagonizes behavioral effects of nicotine in vivo.
Purity:
≥98% by HPLC
Appearance:
White Solid
Synonyms:
(2S,13bS)-2-Methoxy-2,3,5,6,8,9,10,13-octahydro-1H,12H-benzo[i]pyrano[3,4-g]indolizin-12-one hydrobromide
MSDS:
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InChIKey:
GFIGWAJEIMHJJB-LINSIKMZSA-N
InChI:
InChI=1S/C16H21NO3.BrH/c1-19-13-3-2-12-5-7-17-6-4-11-10-20-15(18)8-14(11)16(12,17)9-13;/h2,13H,3-10H2,1H3;1H/t13-,16-;/m0./s1
Canonical SMILES:
COC1CC=C2CCN3C2(C1)C4=C(CC3)COC(=O)C4.Br
1.Nicotine ameliorates NMDA receptor antagonist-induced deficits in contextual fear conditioning through high-affinity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the hippocampus.
André JM;Leach PT;Gould TJ Neuropharmacology. 2011 Mar;60(4):617-25. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.12.004. Epub 2010 Dec 16.
NMDA glutamate receptors (NMDARs) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are both involved in learning and synaptic plasticity. Increasing evidence suggests processes mediated by these receptors may interact to modulate learning; however, little is known about the neural substrates involved in these interactive processes. The present studies investigated the effects of nicotine on MK-801 hydrogen maleate (MK-801) and DL-2-Amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV)-induced disruption of contextual fear conditioning in male C57BL/6J mice, using direct drug infusion and selective nAChR antagonists to define the brain regions and the nAChR subtypes involved. Mice treated with MK-801 showed a deficit in contextual fear conditioning that was ameliorated by nicotine. Direct drug infusion demonstrated that the NMDAR antagonists disrupted hippocampal function and that nicotine acted in the dorsal hippocampus to ameliorate the deficit in learning. The high-affinity nAChR antagonist Dihydro-β-erythroidine hydrobromide (DhβE) blocked the effects of nicotine on MK-801-induced deficits while the α7 nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine citrate salt hydrate (MLA) did not. These results suggest that NMDARs and nAChRs may mediate similar hippocampal processes involved in contextual fear conditioning.
2.Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are sensors for ethanol in lung fibroblasts.
Ritzenthaler JD;Roser-Page S;Guidot DM;Roman J Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Jun;37(6):914-23. doi: 10.1111/acer.12044. Epub 2013 Feb 19.
BACKGROUND: ;Chronic ethanol (EtOH) abuse in humans is known to independently increase the incidence of and mortality due to acute lung injury in at-risk individuals. However, the mechanisms by which EtOH affects lung cells remain incompletely elucidated. In earlier work, we reported that EtOH increased the expression in lung fibroblasts of fibronectin, a matrix glycoprotein implicated in lung injury and repair. This effect was blocked by α-bungarotoxin, a neurotoxin that binds certain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) thereby implicating nAChRs in this process. Here, we examine the identity of these receptors.;METHODS: ;Mouse lung fibroblasts were stimulated with EtOH (60 mM) or acetylcholine (100 to 500 μM) and evaluated for the expression of fibronectin and nAChRs. Inhibitors to nAChRs or the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) were used to assess changes in fibronectin expression. Animals exposed to EtOH for up to 6 weeks were used to evaluate the expression of nAChRs in vivo.;RESULTS: ;First, in EtOH-treated fibroblasts, we observed increased expression of α4 and α9 nAChR subunits. Second, we found that acetylcholine, a natural ligand for nAChRs, mimicked the effects of EtOH.
3.Chronic nicotine selectively enhances alpha4beta2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway.
Xiao C;Nashmi R;McKinney S;Cai H;McIntosh JM;Lester HA J Neurosci. 2009 Oct 7;29(40):12428-39. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2939-09.2009.
These electrophysiological experiments, in slices and intact animals, study the effects of in vivo chronic exposure to nicotine on functional alpha4beta2* nAChRs in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) pathway. Recordings were made in wild-type and alpha4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit knock-out mice. Chronic nicotine enhanced methyllycaconitine citrate hydrate-resistant, dihydro-beta-erythroidine hydrobromide-sensitive nicotinic currents elicited by 3-1000 mum ACh in GABAergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), but not in DA neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). This enhancement leads to higher firing rates of SNr GABAergic neurons and consequently to increased GABAergic inhibition of the SNc DA neurons. In the dorsal striatum, functional alpha4* nAChRs were not found on the neuronal somata; however, nicotine acts via alpha4beta2* nAChRs in the DA terminals to modulate glutamate release onto the medium spiny neurons. Chronic nicotine also increased the number and/or function of these alpha4beta2* nAChRs. These data suggest that in nigrostriatal DA pathway, chronic nicotine enhancement of alpha4beta2* nAChRs displays selectivity in cell type and in nAChR subtype as well as in cellular compartment.
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CAS 29734-68-7 Dihydro-β-erythroidine hydrobromide

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