Dacinostat - CAS 404951-53-7
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Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Dacinostat, also known as LAQ824, is a hydroxamate histone deacetylase inhibitor with potential anticancer activity. LAQ824 sensitized nonsmall cell lung cancer to the cytotoxic effects of ionizing radiation. LAQ824 reduced clonogenic survival of the H23 and H460 cell lines five-fold compared with controls and four-fold compared with either agent alone (P<0.001). In phase I trials, LAQ824 was well tolerated at doses that induced accumulation of histone acetylation, with higher doses inducing changes consistent with HSP90 inhibition.
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1.Conformational refinement of hydroxamate-based histone deacetylase inhibitors and exploration of 3-piperidin-3-ylindole analogues of dacinostat (LAQ824).
Cho YS1, Whitehead L, Li J, Chen CH, Jiang L, Vögtle M, Francotte E, Richert P, Wagner T, Traebert M, Lu Q, Cao X, Dumotier B, Fejzo J, Rajan S, Wang P, Yan-Neale Y, Shao W, Atadja P, Shultz M. J Med Chem. 2010 Apr 8;53(7):2952-63. doi: 10.1021/jm100007m.
Inspired by natural product HDAC inhibitors, we prepared a series of conformationally restrained HDAC inhibitors based on the hydroxamic acid dacinostat (LAQ824, 7). Several scaffolds with improved biochemical and cellular potency, as well as attenuated hERG inhibition, were identified, suggesting that the introduction of molecular rigidity is a viable strategy to enhance HDAC binding and mitigate hERG liability. Further SAR studies around a 3-piperidin-3-ylindole moiety resulted in the discovery of compound 30, for which a unique conformation was speculated to contribute to overcoming increased lipophilicity and attenuating hERG binding. Separation of racemate 30 afforded 32, the R enantiomer, which demonstrated improved potency in both enzyme and cellular assays compared to dacinostat.
2.Strategy for enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of histone deacetylase inhibitor dacinostat: the novel paradigm to tackle monotonous cancer chemoresistance.
Ganai SA1. Arch Pharm Res. 2015 Oct 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate gene expression by creating the closed state of chromatin via histone hypoacetylation. Histone acetylation deregulation caused by aberrant expression of classical HDACs leads to imprecise gene regulation culminating in various diseases including cancer. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), the small-molecules modulating the biological function of HDACs have shown promising results in inducing cell cycle arrest, differentiation and apoptosis in tumour models. HDACi do not show desired cytotoxic effect when used in monotherapy due to triggering of various resistance mechanisms in cancer cells emphasizing the desperate need of novel strategies that can be used to overcome such challenges. The present article provides intricate details about the novel HDACi dacinostat (LAQ-824) against multiple myeloma and acute myeloid leukaemia. The distinct molecular mechanisms modulated by dacinostat in exerting cytotoxic effect against the defined malignancies have also been detailed.
3.Optimization of the in vitro cardiac safety of hydroxamate-based histone deacetylase inhibitors.
Shultz MD1, Cao X, Chen CH, Cho YS, Davis NR, Eckman J, Fan J, Fekete A, Firestone B, Flynn J, Green J, Growney JD, Holmqvist M, Hsu M, Jansson D, Jiang L, Kwon P, Liu G, Lombardo F, Lu Q, Majumdar D, Meta C, Perez L, Pu M, Ramsey T, Remiszewski S, Skolni J Med Chem. 2011 Jul 14;54(13):4752-72. doi: 10.1021/jm200388e. Epub 2011 Jun 17.
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have shown promise in treating various forms of cancer. However, many HDAC inhibitors from diverse structural classes have been associated with QT prolongation in humans. Inhibition of the human ether a-go-go related gene (hERG) channel has been associated with QT prolongation and fatal arrhythmias. To determine if the observed cardiac effects of HDAC inhibitors in humans is due to hERG blockade, a highly potent HDAC inhibitor devoid of hERG activity was required. Starting with dacinostat (LAQ824), a highly potent HDAC inhibitor, we explored the SAR to determine the pharmacophores required for HDAC and hERG inhibition. We disclose here the results of these efforts where a high degree of pharmacophore homology between these two targets was discovered. This similarity prevented traditional strategies for mitigating hERG binding/modulation from being successful and novel approaches for reducing hERG inhibition were required.
4.Functional and Transcriptional Characterization of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor-Mediated Cardiac Adverse Effects in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes.
Kopljar I1, Gallacher DJ2, De Bondt A2, Cougnaud L3, Vlaminckx E2, Van den Wyngaert I2, Lu HR2. Stem Cells Transl Med. 2016 May;5(5):602-12. doi: 10.5966/sctm.2015-0279. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors possess therapeutic potential to reverse aberrant epigenetic changes associated with cancers, neurological diseases, and immune disorders. Unfortunately, clinical studies with some HDAC inhibitors displayed delayed cardiac adverse effects, such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) of HDAC inhibitor-mediated cardiotoxicity remains poorly understood and is difficult to detect in the early stages of preclinical drug development because of a delayed onset of effects. In the present study, we show for the first time in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) that HDAC inhibitors (dacinostat, panobinostat, vorinostat, entinostat, and tubastatin-a) induce delayed dose-related cardiac dysfunction at therapeutic concentrations associated with cardiac adverse effects in humans. HDAC inhibitor-mediated delayed effects on the beating properties of hiPS-CMs developed after 12 hours by decreasing the beat rate, shortening the field potential duration, and inducing arrhythmic behavior under form of sustained contractions and fibrillation-like patterns.
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CAS 404951-53-7 Dacinostat

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