1.Influence of calcium fortification on physical and rheological properties of sucrose-free prebiotic milk chocolates containing inulin and maltitol.
Konar N1, Poyrazoglu ES1, Artik N1. J Food Sci Technol. 2015 Apr;52(4):2033-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-013-1229-y. Epub 2013 Dec 11.
In the present study, chocolates were investigated that had been prepared according to the composition specified as a result of this previous work (9.00 % w/w inulin and 34.0 % w/w maltitol) Certain physical (particle size distribution [PSD], brightness, chroma, water activity and hardness) and rheological features of the samples resulting from the addition of calcium carbonate in different quantities (300, 450, 600, 750 and 900 mg calcium carbonate to 100 mg milk chocolate) were studied. Both the Herschel-Bulkley and Casson models were used to investigate the rheological findings. It was determined by comparing certain rheological (rate index, Casson yield stress and Casson viscosity) and physical (chroma and hardness) parameters that samples containing 409.5 mg calcium (nearly 41.0 % of the RDA of calcium) per 100 g chocolate did not show significant differences from samples from the control group. Furthermore, these calcium-containing samples were shown to exhibit positive differences in other physical properties (brightness and water activity) that could be noteworthy and significant with respect to visual quality and shelf life.
2.Role of FODMAPs in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Mansueto P1, Seidita A2, D'Alcamo A2, Carroccio A3. Nutr Clin Pract. 2015 Oct;30(5):665-82. doi: 10.1177/0884533615569886. Epub 2015 Feb 18.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, flatus, and altered bowel habits. The role of dietary components in inducing IBS symptoms is difficult to explore. To date, foods are not considered a cause but rather symptom-triggering factors. Particular interest has been given to the so-called FODMAPs (fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols). We aimed to summarize the evidence from the most common approaches to manage suspected food intolerance in IBS, with a particular interest in the role of FODMAPs and the effects of a low FODMAP diet. We reviewed literature, consulting PubMed and Medline by using the search terms FODMAP(s), fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans, polyols (sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol, erythritol, polydextrose, and isomalt), irritable bowel syndrome, and functional gastrointestinal symptoms. FODMAP-restricted diets have been used for a long time to manage patients with IBS.
3.Metabolic profiling of a range of peach fruit varieties reveals high metabolic diversity and commonalities and differences during ripening.
Monti LL1, Bustamante CA1, Osorio S2, Gabilondo J3, Borsani J1, Lauxmann MA1, Maulión E1, Valentini G3, Budde CO3, Fernie AR2, Lara MV1, Drincovich MF4. Food Chem. 2016 Jan 1;190:879-88. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.06.043. Epub 2015 Jun 16.
Peach (Prunus persica) fruits from different varieties display differential organoleptic and nutritional properties, characteristics related to their chemical composition. Here, chemical biodiversity of peach fruits from fifteen varieties, at harvest and after post-harvest ripening, was explored by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Metabolic profiling revealed that metabolites involved in organoleptic properties (sugars, organic and amino acids), stress tolerance (raffinose, galactinol, maltitol), and with nutritional properties (amino, caffeoylquinic and dehydroascorbic acids) displayed variety-dependent levels. Peach varieties clustered into four groups: two groups of early-harvest varieties with higher amino acid levels; two groups of mid- and late-harvest varieties with higher maltose levels. Further separation was mostly dependent on organic acids/raffinose levels. Variety-dependent and independent metabolic changes associated with ripening were detected; which contribute to chemical diversity or can be used as ripening markers, respectively.
4.Moisture sorption curves of fruit and nut cereal bar prepared with sugar and sugar substitutes.
Pallavi BV1, Chetana R1, Ravi R2, Reddy SY1. J Food Sci Technol. 2015 Mar;52(3):1663-9. doi: 10.1007/s13197-013-1101-0. Epub 2013 Aug 20.
Low sugar, low fat, dry fruit and nut cereal bars without sugar were prepared using cereals, nuts, and sugar substitutes. The sorption characteristics of the bars prepared with sugar substitutes in comparison with that of sugar were studied by keeping the bars at water activity (aw) from 0.1 to 0.9. The sorption isotherms of low sugar bars were practically identical below aw of 0.5 but above aw of 0.5, a clear differentiation in the isotherms could be observed compared to that of sugar counterpart. A sharp increase in moisture content was observed in the bars prepared with alternative sweeteners, above aw 0.6, whereas a gradual increase in aw was observed in the case of bar prepared with sugar. The ERH (Equilibrium relative humidity) value for bar with sugar was 50 %, and for bars prepared with alternative sweeteners, it was about 60 %. Low sugar cereal bar prepared with sorbitol + maltitol (SM) syrup scored higher sensory quality compared to other product prepared with sorbitol + nutriose (SN) as the former retained softness and chewiness on storage.