Cyclen - CAS 294-90-6
Catalog number: 294-90-6
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
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1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane; cyclen (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane)
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1.Synthesis of a versatile building block combining cyclen-derivative DO3A with a polyamine via a rigid spacer.
Drahoš B;Trávníček Z Molecules. 2013 Nov 12;18(11):13940-56. doi: 10.3390/molecules181113940.
The five-step synthesis of a polydentate building block combining a cyclen-based macrocycle (DO3A) with N-(2-aminoethyl)propane-1,3-diamine, which are linked through the xylylen moiety as a rigid C-spacer is described. These two molecular parts were coupled by subsequent bromine atom substitution in 1,4-bis(bromomethyl)benzene. First, N-(2-aminoethyl)propane-1,3-diamine was protected by phthaloyl moieties and then it was reacted with 1,4-bis(bromomethyl)benzene to form (2-phthalimidoethyl)(3-phthalimido-prop-1-yl)(4-bromomethylbenzyl)amine (2). This compound underwent a substitution reaction with DO3A in the form of its tert-butyl esters leading to the intermediate 1-{4-[(2-phthalimidoethyl)(3-phthalimidoprop-1-yl)aminomethyl]phenylmethyl}-4,7,10-tris(t-butoxy-carbonylmethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (3). The phthaloyl as well as the t-butyl protecting groups were removed in the next two reaction steps to form the final product 1-{4-[(2-aminoethyl)(3-aminoprop-1-yl)aminomethyl]phenylmethyl}-4,7,10-tris(carboxy-methyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (5).
2.Six-coordinate Iron(II) and Cobalt(II) paraSHIFT Agents for Measuring Temperature by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
Tsitovich PB;Cox JM;Benedict JB;Morrow JR Inorg Chem. 2016 Jan 19;55(2):700-16. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02144. Epub 2015 Dec 30.
Paramagnetic Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes are utilized as the first transition metal examples of (1)H NMR shift agents (paraSHIFT) for thermometry applications using Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). The coordinating ligands consist of TACN (1,4,7-triazacyclononane) and CYCLEN (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) azamacrocycles appended with 6-methyl-2-picolyl groups, denoted as MPT and TMPC, respectively. (1)H NMR spectra of the MPT- and TMPC-based Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes demonstrate narrow and highly shifted resonances that are dispersed as broadly as 440 ppm. The six-coordinate complex cations, [M(MPT)](2+) and [M(TMPC)](2+), vary from distorted octahedral to distorted trigonal prismatic geometries, respectively, and also demonstrate that 6-methyl-2-picolyl pendents control the rigidity of these complexes. Analyses of the (1)H NMR chemical shifts, integrated intensities, line widths, the distances obtained from X-ray diffraction measurements, and longitudinal relaxation time (T1) values allow for the partial assignment of proton resonances of the [M(MPT)](2+) complexes.
3.Kinetico-Mechanistic Studies of Nucleoside and Nucleotide Substitution Reactions of Co(III) Complexes of Fully Alkylated Cyclen.
Martínez M;Vázquez M Inorg Chem. 2015 May 18;54(10):4972-80. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00581. Epub 2015 May 6.
The solution chemistry of complex [Co{(Me)2(μ-ET)cyclen}(H2O)2](3+) containing a fully substituted tetraammine ligand designed for the avoidance of base-conjugated substitution mechanisms in the 6-8 pH range has been studied. The study should shed some light on the possible involvement of such Co(III) skeleton in inert interactions with biomolecules. The reactivity and speciation of the complex has been found similar to that of the parent cyclen derivative with the presence of mono- and bis-hydroxo-bridged species; at pH < 7.1, all reactivity has been found to be related to the aqua/hydroxo monomeric complexes. Under these pH conditions, the substitution reactions of the aqua/hydroxo ligands by chloride, inorganic phosphate, thymidine, cytidine 5'-monophosphate (5'-CMP), and thymidine-5'-monophosphate (5'-TMP) have been studied at varying conditions; ionic strength has been kept at 1.0 NaClO4 due to the high concentration of 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES) or N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) used to ensure buffering.
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