Colistin Sulfate - CAS 1264-72-8
Catalog number:
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
Colistin is a cyclic cationic decapeptide linked to a fatty acid side chain, it belongs to a group of similarly structured bacterial antimicrobial peptides.
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Polymixin E Sulfate
1.Polymyxin B versus colistin: an update.
Cai Y1,2, Lee W1, Kwa AL1,3,2. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2015;13(12):1481-97. doi: 10.1586/14787210.2015.1093933. Epub 2015 Oct 21.
Polymyxin B and colistin (polymyxin E) are polypeptide antibiotics that were developed in the 1940s, but fell into disfavor due to their high toxicity rates. These two antibiotics were previously regarded to be largely equivalent, due to similarities in their chemical structure and spectrum of activity. In recent years, several pertinent differences, especially in terms of potency and disposition, have been revealed between polymyxin B and colistin. These differences are mainly attributed to the fact that polymyxin B is administered parenterally in its active form, while colistin is administered parenterally as an inactive pro-drug, colistimethate. In this review, we summarize the similarities and differences between polymyxin B and colistin. We also discuss the potential clinical implications of these findings, and provide our perspectives on how polymyxins should be employed to preserve their utility in this era of multi-drug resistance.
2.Rearing conditions affected responses of weaned pigs to organic acids showing a positive effect on digestibility, microflora and immunity.
Wang Y1, Kuang Y1, Zhang Y1, Song Y1, Zhang X1, Lin Y1, Che L1, Xu S1, Wu1, Xue B1, Fang Z1. Anim Sci J. 2016 Jan 21. doi: 10.1111/asj.12544. [Epub ahead of print]
Three experiments were conducted to assess the response of weaned pigs to organic acid SF3, which contains 34% calcium formate, 16% calcium lactate, 7% citric acid and 13% medium chain fatty acids. Dietary treatments had no effect on growth performance of piglets (21-day weaning) fed the commercial prestart diet for 1 week before receiving the experimental diets supplemented with SF3 at 0, 3 or 5 g/kg diet (Exp. 1), whereas diarrhea frequency averaged across a week was decreased by SF3 supplementation (5 g/kg diet) in piglets fed the experimental diets immediately after weaning (Exp. 2). In Exp. 3, piglets (28-day weaning) were fed the control (containing pure colistin sulfate and enramycin, respectively, at 20 mg/kg diet) for 1 week and then were fed the control or SF3-supplemented (5 g/kg diet) diet for 2 weeks. The SF3-fed piglets had greater apparent ileal digestibility of calcium and dry matter, while also demonstrating greater overall gross energy, up-regulated jejunal expression of sodium-glucose cotransporter-1 and transforming growth factor-β, down-regulated jejunal expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, higher ileal Lactobacillus, with lower total bacteria content, lower plasma TNF-α but higher IgG levels than the control-fed piglets.
3.Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic, Clostridium butyricum, on growth performance, immune response, intestinal barrier function, and digestive enzyme activity in broiler chickens challenged with Escherichia coli K88.
Zhang L1, Zhang L2, Zhan X3, Zeng X4, Zhou L3, Cao G3, Chen A3, Yang C2. J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2016 Jan 26;7:3. doi: 10.1186/s40104-016-0061-4. eCollection 2016.
BACKGROUND: Colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) results in economic losses in the poultry industry. Antibiotics are usually used to control colibacillosis, however, E. coli has varying degrees of resistance to different antibiotics. Therefore the use of probiotics is becoming accepted as an alternative to antibiotics. In this study, we evaluated the effects of Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) on growth performance, immune response, intestinal barrier function, and digestive enzyme activity in broiler chickens challenged with Escherichia coli (E. coli) K88.
4.Electrochemically monitoring the antibiotic susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms.
Webster TA1, Sismaet HJ, Chan IP, Goluch ED. Analyst. 2015 Nov 7;140(21):7195-201. doi: 10.1039/c5an01358e.
The condition of cells in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms was monitored via the electrochemical detection of the electro-active virulence factor pyocyanin in a fabricated microfluidic growth chamber coupled with a disposable three electrode cell. Cells were exposed to 4, 16, and 100 mg L(-1) colistin sulfate after overnight growth. At the end of testing, the measured maximum peak current (and therefore pyocyanin concentration) was reduced by approximately 68% and 82% in P. aeruginosa exposed to 16 and 100 mg L(-1) colistin sulfate, respectively. Samples were removed from the microfluidic chamber, analyzed for viability using staining, and streaked onto culture plates to confirm that the P. aeruginosa cells were affected by the antibiotics. The correlation between electrical signal drop and the viability of P. aeruginosa cells after antibiotic exposure highlights the usefulness of this approach for future low cost antibiotic screening applications.
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CAS 1264-72-8 Colistin Sulfate

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