1.Expression, purification and luminescence properties of coelenterazine-utilizing luciferases from Renilla, Oplophorus and Gaussia: comparison of substrate specificity for C2-modified coelenterazines.
Inouye S1, Sahara-Miura Y, Sato J, Iimori R, Yoshida S, Hosoya T. Protein Expr Purif. 2013 Mar;88(1):150-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pep.2012.12.006. Epub 2012 Dec 27.
The cold-induced expression system in Escherichia coli is useful and we have applied this system to prepare the coelenterazine-utilizing luciferases including Renilla luciferase (RLase), a red-shifted variant of Renilla luciferase (RLase-547), the catalytic domain of Oplophorus luciferase (19kOLase) and Gaussia luciferase (GLase). The luminescence properties of the purified luciferases were characterized by using 10 kinds of C2-modified coelenterazine analogues as a substrate. The order of the maximal luminescence intensity for native coelenterazine was GLase (100%)>RLase (8.0%)>RLase-547 (0.73%)>19kOLase (0.09%) under our assay conditions. The substrate specificities of coelenterazine-utilizing luciferases for the C2-modified analogues showed significant differences, but the emission peaks catalyzed by coelenterazine-utilizing luciferases were not affected by the C2-substituted coelenterazine. These results suggest that the catalytic environment for the oxygenation process of coelenterazine and the excited species of coelenteramide might be different among coelenterazine-utilizing luciferases.