Closantel Sodium - CAS 61438-64-0
Catalog number: 61438-64-0
Category: Inhibitor
Not Intended for Therapeutic Use. For research use only.
Molecular Formula:
C22 H13 Cl2I2N2O2.Na
Molecular Weight:
685.06
COA:
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Targets:
Antiparasitic
Description:
Closantel is a salicylanilide anthelmintic compound; exhibits different anthelmintic spectra and apparent toxicity in mammals.
Purity:
>98%
MSDS:
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InChIKey:
OSRFZYBZFCOAGP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI:
InChI=1S/C22H14Cl2I2N2O2.Na/c1-11-6-15(17(10-27)12-2-4-13(23)5-3-12)18(24)9-20(11)28-22(30)16-7-14(25)8-19(26)21(16)29;/h2-9,17,29H,1H3,(H,28,30);
Canonical SMILES:
CC1=CC(=C(C=C1NC(=O)C2=CC(=CC(=C2O)I)I)Cl)C(C#N)C3=CC=C(C=C3)Cl.[Na]
1.Molecular identification and seasonal infections of species of Fasciola in ruminants from two provinces in China.
Yuan W1, Liu JM1, Lu K1, Li H1, Duan MM1, Feng JT1, Hong Y1, Liu YP2, Zhou Y3, Tong LB4, Lu J5, Zhu CG1, Jin YM1, Cheng GF1, Lin JJ1. J Helminthol. 2016 May;90(3):359-63. doi: 10.1017/S0022149X15000383. Epub 2015 Jun 30.
We determined the prevalence and seasonality of infections by Fasciola of goats and bovine species (cattle and water buffalo) in Hubei and Anhui provinces of China. Faecal samples were collected at 2- to 3-month intervals from 200 goats in Hubei province and from 152 bovine species in Anhui province. All faecal samples were examined for the presence of parasites. We determined the nucleotide sequences of the first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS-1 and ITS-2) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 39 Fasciola worms from Anhui province. The prevalence of Fasciola infection in goats ranged between 3.5 and 37.0%, with mean eggs per gram (EPG) ranging between 29.0 and 166.0. Prevalence and EPG exhibited downward trends over time with significant differences. The prevalence of Fasciola infection in cattle ranged between 13.3 and 46.2% (mean EPG, 36.4-100.0), and that of water buffalo ranged between 10.3 and 35.4% (mean EPG, 25.0-89.
2.Discovery of Novel SPAK Inhibitors That Block WNK Kinase Signaling to Cation Chloride Transporters.
Kikuchi E1, Mori T1, Zeniya M1, Isobe K1, Ishigami-Yuasa M2, Fujii S3, Kagechika H4, Ishihara T5, Mizushima T5, Sasaki S1, Sohara E1, Rai T1, Uchida S6. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015 Jul;26(7):1525-36. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2014060560. Epub 2014 Nov 5.
Upon activation by with-no-lysine kinases, STE20/SPS1-related proline-alanine-rich protein kinase (SPAK) phosphorylates and activates SLC12A transporters such as the Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) and Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter type 1 (NKCC1) and type 2 (NKCC2); these transporters have important roles in regulating BP through NaCl reabsorption and vasoconstriction. SPAK knockout mice are viable and display hypotension with decreased activity (phosphorylation) of NCC and NKCC1 in the kidneys and aorta, respectively. Therefore, agents that inhibit SPAK activity could be a new class of antihypertensive drugs with dual actions (i.e., NaCl diuresis and vasodilation). In this study, we developed a new ELISA-based screening system to find novel SPAK inhibitors and screened >20,000 small-molecule compounds. Furthermore, we used a drug repositioning strategy to identify existing drugs that inhibit SPAK activity. As a result, we discovered one small-molecule compound (Stock 1S-14279) and an antiparasitic agent (Closantel) that inhibited SPAK-regulated phosphorylation and activation of NCC and NKCC1 in vitro and in mice.
3.Overberg research projects. XV. The efficacy of different anthelmintics against field strains of nematode parasites of sheep in the southern Cape Province.
Louw JP1, Reinecke RK. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 1993 Jun;64(2):71-5.
Controlled anthelmintic tests and faecal egg count reduction tests were carried out on natural infections of nematode parasites in sheep on 4 farms in the southern Cape Province. Albendazole, fenbendazole, ivermectin, levamisole, morantel citrate and a combination of albendazole and closantel sodium were tested. Every farm harboured anthelmintic resistant nematode parasites. Adult as well as immature Teladorsagia spp. were resistant to albendazole and fenbendazole, immature Teladorsagia spp. to albendazole/closantel, adult and immature Nematodirus spp. to albendazole/closantel and adult Nematodirus spp. to fenbendazole.
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CAS 61438-64-0 Closantel Sodium

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