1.Secondary organic aerosol from aqueous reactions of green leaf volatiles with organic triplet excited states and singlet molecular oxygen.
Richards-Henderson NK1, Pham AT, Kirk BB, Anastasio C. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Jan 6;49(1):268-76. doi: 10.1021/es503656m. Epub 2014 Dec 11.
Vegetation emits a class of oxygenated hydrocarbons--the green leaf volatiles (GLVs)--under stress or damage. Under foggy conditions GLVs might be a source of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) via aqueous reactions with hydroxyl radical (OH), singlet oxygen ((1)O2*), and excited triplet states ((3)C*). To examine this, we determined the aqueous kinetics and SOA mass yields for reactions of (3)C* and (1)O2* with five GLVs: methyl jasmonate (MeJa), methyl salicylate (MeSa), cis-3-hexenyl acetate (HxAc), cis-3-hexen-1-ol (HxO), and 2-methyl-3-butene-2-ol (MBO). Second-order rate constants with (3)C* and (1)O2* range from (0.13-22) × 10(8) M(-1) s(-1) and (8.2-60) × 10(5) M(-1) s(-1) at 298 K, respectively. Rate constants with (3)C* are independent of temperature, while values with (1)O2* show significant temperature dependence (Ea = 20-96 kJ mol(-1)). Aqueous SOA mass yields for oxidation by (3)C* are (84 ± 7)%, (80 ± 9)%, and (38 ± 18)%, for MeJa, MeSa, and HxAc, respectively; we did not measure yields for other conditions because of slow kinetics.
2.Fragrance material review on cis-3-hexenyl salicylate.
Lapczynski A1, McGinty D, Jones L, Letizia CS, Api AM. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45 Suppl 1:S402-5. Epub 2007 Sep 14.
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of cis-3-hexenyl salicylate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented.
3.[Analysis of headspace constituents of Gardenia flower by GC/MS with solid-phase microextraction and dynamic headspace sampling].
Liu BZ1, Gao Y. Se Pu. 2000 Sep;18(5):452-5.
The headspace constituents of fresh Gardenia flower were investigated by GC/MS. The headspace volatiles were sampled by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and dynamic headspace sampling (DHS). SPME sampling was conducted with 100 microns PDMS fiber at 28 degrees C for 60 min. In DHS sampling, purified nitrogen was used as purging gas with a flow rate at 80 mL/min for 120 min. Tenax GR(20 mesh-40 mesh) was used as adsorbent and the volatiles were eluted by ether, and concentrated to 0.5 mL for GC/MS analysis. A Supelco-wax capillary column (30 m x 0.25 mm i.d. x 0.25 micron df) was employed in GC/MS analysis. Initial oven temperature was kept at 45 degrees C for 2 min, then raised to 250 degrees C at 4 degrees C/min, and kept at 250 degrees C for 10 min. According to SPME-GC/MS analysis, the main compounds in headspace of fresh Gardenia flower included farnesene(64.86%), cis-ocimene(29.33%), linalool(2.74%), cis-3-hexenyl tiglate(1.34%), methyl benzoate(0.