1.Phase I trial with pharmacokinetics of CB10-277 given by 24 hours continuous infusion.
Foster BJ1, Newell DR, Gumbrell LA, Jenns KE, Calvert AH. Br J Cancer. 1993 Feb;67(2):369-73.
The dose limiting toxicities of the short infusion trial of the dacarbazine analog, CB10-277, were nausea and vomiting which appeared to be related to the peak plasma level of the parent drug. In addition, based on mouse studies, these dose limiting toxicities occurred at a less than optimal level of the monomethyl metabolite, the presumed species required for antitumour activity. An alternative schedule that would avoid the parent drug peak plasma levels of short infusion, while possibly allowing an increase in the amount of monomethyl metabolite produced was considered. Thus, a 24 h continuous infusion schedule, repeated every 21 days was explored. Twenty-two patients received 42 courses with a dose range of 4,700-15,000 mg m-2. The dose limiting toxicity was myelosuppression (leucopenia and thrombocytopenia). Although nausea and vomiting also occurred, it was manageable with routine antiemetic therapy. Other toxicities included diarrhoea, hallucinations, malaise, muscle ache, headache and flushing and all were < or = WHO grade 2.
2.Preclinical, phase I and pharmacokinetic studies with the dimethyl phenyltriazene CB10-277.
Foster BJ1, Newell DR, Carmichael J, Harris AL, Gumbrell LA, Jones M, Goodard PM, Calvert AH. Br J Cancer. 1993 Feb;67(2):362-8.
Decarbazine is an imidazole dimethyltriazene with reproducible activity in patients with metastatic melanoma. CB10-277 is a phenyl dimethyltriazene which, like dacarbazine, requires metabolic activation to its corresponding monomethyl species for antitumour activity. In preclinical models (human melanoma xenografts and transplantable rodent tumours) CB10-277 showed a similar spectrum and level of activity when compared to dacarbazine. Pharmacokinetic studies were performed with CB10-277 in mice treated i.v. at the LD10 (750 mg m-2) and plasma analysed by HPLC. The parent drug area under the plasma concentration vs time curve (AUC) was 142 mM x minutes. Drug metabolism occurred as evidenced by the HPLC identification of the monomethyl species (AUC = 8 mM x minutes) as well as other metabolites. A Phase I trial using a short infusion with doses repeated every 21 days has been performed. Thirty-six patients received 80 courses over a dose range of 80-6,000 mg m-2.
3.A Cancer Research Campaign (CRC) phase II trial of CB10-277 given by 24 hour infusion for malignant melanoma.
Bleehen NM1, Calvert AH, Lee SM, Harper P, Kaye SB, Judson I, Brampton M. Br J Cancer. 1994 Oct;70(4):775-7.
The decarbazine analogue CB10-277 has been investigated for anti-tumour activity in a phase II study on malignant melanoma. Treatment was administered as a slow infusion of 12,000 mg m-2 over 24 h and repeated every 3 weeks. A total of 28 patients were entered into the study, of whom 23 were eligible for review. A total of 64 courses was given. There was one objective partial response in 22 patients assessable for response. The major toxicities were leucopenia and thrombocytopenia. CB10-277 in this schedule therefore does not appear to have major activity in melanoma.