CA 074 - CAS 134448-10-5
Category: Inhibitor
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CA 074 is a potent and selective inhibitor of cathepsin B (Ki = 2-5 nM). It reduces bone metastasis in a 4T1.2 breast cancer model.
Brife Description:
cathepsin B inhibitor
≥98% by HPLC
CA-074; CA074; CA 074; N-[[(2S,3S)-3-[(Propylamino)carbonyl]-2-oxiranyl]carbonyl]-L-isoleucyl-L-proline
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1.Expression and alteration of the S2 subsite of the Leishmania major cathepsin B-like cysteine protease.
Chan VJ;Selzer PM;McKerrow JH;Sakanari JA Biochem J. 1999 May 15;340 ( Pt 1):113-7.
The mature form of the cathepsin B-like protease of Leishmania major (LmajcatB) is a 243 amino acid protein belonging to the papain family of cysteine proteases and is 54% identical to human-liver cathepsin B. Despite the high identity and structural similarity with cathepsin B, LmajcatB does not readily hydrolyse benzyloxycarbonyl-Arg-Arg-7-amino-4-methyl coumarin (Z-Arg-Arg-AMC), which is cleaved by cathepsin B enzymes. It does, however, hydrolyse Z-Phe-Arg-AMC, a substrate typically cleaved by cathepsin L and B enzymes. Based upon computer generated protein models of LmajcatB and mammalian cathepsin B, it was predicted that this variation in substrate specificity was attributed to Gly234 at the S2 subsite of LmajcatB, which forms a larger, more hydrophobic pocket compared with mammalian cathepsin B. To test this hypothesis, recombinant LmajcatB was expressed in the Pichia pastoris yeast expression system. The quality of the recombinant enzyme was confirmed by kinetic characterization, N-terminal sequencing, and Western blot analysis. Alteration of Gly234 to Glu, which is found at the corresponding site in mammalian cathepsin B, increased recombinant LmajcatB (rLmajcatB) activity toward Z-Arg-Arg-AMC 8-fold over the wild-type recombinant enzyme (kcat/Km=3740+/-413 M-1.
2.Involvement of cathepsin B- and L-like proteinases in silk gland histolysis during metamorphosis of Bombyx mori.
Shiba H;Uchida D;Kobayashi H;Natori M Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 Jun 1;390(1):28-34.
To identify proteinases involved in programmed cell death of the silk glands of Bombyx mori, we measured enzyme activities in silk gland homogenates. Several peptidyl-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amides (MCAs) and bovine hemoglobin were used as substrates in the presence and absence of proteinase inhibitors. The hydrolysis of t-butyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Ser-Arg-MCA (Boc-FSR-MCA), benzyloxy-carbonyl-Phe-Arg-MCA (Z-FR-MCA), and Z-Arg-Arg-MCA (Z-RR-MCA) was optimal at pH 5.5, 5.0, and 5.5, respectively. It was stimulated by the sulfhydryl compounds or EDTA and inhibited by both cysteine proteinase inhibitors and a cathepsin B-specific inhibitor, l-3-trans-(propyl-carbamoyl)oxirane-2-carbonyl)-L-isoleucyl-L-prolin (CA-074). The hemoglobin hydrolysis at the optimum pH 3.5 was inactivated by cysteine proteinase inhibitors, but stimulated slightly by pepstatin. The cleavage of Arg-MCA (R-MCA) and Leu-MCA (L-MCA) at optimum pH of 7.0 was strongly inhibited by an aminopeptidase inhibitor, puromycin, and by sulfhydryl compounds. The Boc-FSR-MCA, Z-FR-MCA, Z-RR-MCA, and hemoglobin hydrolyzing activities increased in the silk glands dramatically after cocoon formation, while the R-MCA and L-MCA cleaving activities declined.
3.Lipopolysaccharide accelerates caspase-independent but cathepsin B-dependent death of human lung epithelial cells.
Tang PS;Tsang ME;Lodyga M;Bai XH;Miller A;Han B;Liu M J Cell Physiol. 2006 Nov;209(2):457-67.
Caspase-independent cell death has drawn increasing attention. In the present study, we found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) accelerated spontaneous death of human lung epithelial A549 cells in a serum- and cell density-dependent manner: while serum starvation has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis in the same cell line, LPS-induced cell death was only observed in the presence of serum; in addition, the cell death was not observed when the cells were seeded at 10- or 100-fold lower density. The apoptotic features were demonstrated by TUNEL assay, DNA laddering and Annexin V staining. However, treatment of cells with two commonly used pan-caspase inhibitors, zVAD.fmk or BOC-D.fmk, failed to block cell death. In contrast, two cathepsin B inhibitors, Ca074-Me or N-1845, reduced cell death significantly. A time-dependent activation of cathepsin B, but not caspase 3, was observed in both control and LPS-treated cells. Although LPS did not further activate cathepsin B or its release, it increased expression and translocation of apoptosis inducing factor from mitochondria to the nucleus, and increased release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. LPS-induced cell death was significantly attenuated by either N-acetyl-L-cysteine or pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamate, both free radical scavengers.
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CAS 134448-10-5 CA 074

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