1.Developmental conversion of inotropism by endothelin I and angiotensin II from positive to negative in mice.
Sekine T1, Kusano H, Nishimaru K, Tanaka Y, Tanaka H, Shigenobu K. Eur J Pharmacol. 1999 Jun 25;374(3):411-5.
Inotropic effects on isolated neonatal and adult mouse myocardium of endothelin I and angiotensin II were examined. Endothelin I produced a sustained positive inotropic response in the neonate but a sustained negative response in the adult. Both were concentration-dependent and were inhibited by the endothelin ETA receptor antagonist, BQ-123 (Cyclo(D-a-aspartyl-L-prolyl-D-valyl-L-leucyl-D-tryptophyl)). Angiotensin II produced a sustained positive inotropic response in the neonate while a sustained negative response in the adult. Both were concentration-dependent and were inhibited by the angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist, YM358 (2,7-diethyl-5-((2'-(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl-5H-pyrazolo(1,5-b)(1,2,4)tria zole potassium salt monohydrate). These results indicate that inotropic responses of the mouse heart to cardioactive peptides are unique among experimental animal species and may be reversed during development.