AQ-RA 741 - CAS 123548-16-3
Category: Inhibitor
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AQ-RA 741 has been found to be a muscarinic M2 receptor antagonist and could probably be used in the development of bronchodilator anti-muscarinic agent.
≥99% by HPLC
White Solid
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1.Classification of the presynaptic muscarinic receptor subtype that regulates 3H-acetylcholine secretion in the guinea pig urinary bladder in vitro.
Alberts P J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1995 Jul;274(1):458-68.
The experiments were done to investigate the presence and subtype of functionally presynaptic muscarinic receptors in cholinergic nerves of the guinea pig urinary bladder. Bladder strips were incubated with 3H-choline and superfused with Tyrode's solution containing eserine. Secreted 3H-acetylcholine was separated from 3H-choline. The electrically evoked 3H-acetylcholine secretion increased with the stimulation frequency. 3H-Acetylcholine secretion was enhanced by muscarinic antagonists, was depressed by carbachol and by alpha adrenoceptor agonists but was not influenced by drugs acting at beta adrenoceptors or purinoceptors. The rank order for the enhancing effect of muscarinic antagonist EC50 values was propantheline < atropine < methylatropine < N-desethyloxybutynin < UH-AH 37 < benzhexol < AQ-RA 741 < 4-DAMP < procyclidine < emepronium < secoverine < oxybutynin < tropicamide < promethazine < himbacine < hexahydrosiladifenidol < methoctramine = pirenzepine < dicyclomine < AF-DX 116, and the EC50 values correlated best with constants for the M4/m4 muscarinic receptor subtype. The enhancing effect of atropine was counteracted by carbachol; the effects of atropine and emepronium were not additive.
2.Evidence for muscarinic M4 receptors mediating nonadrenergic noncholinergic relaxations in rabbit anococcygeus muscle.
Gross J;Mutschler E;Lambrecht G Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1997 Oct;356(4):505-16.
The aim of the present study was to characterize the muscarinic receptor subtype mediating nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) relaxations in the rabbit anococcygeus muscle (RAM) by the use of muscarinic receptor agonists and a battery of key muscarinic antagonists. In addition, experiments were carried out to identify the NANC neurotransmitter(s) involved in the inhibitory NANC neurotransmission. In preparations with histamine-raised tone, the nonselective muscarinic agonists (pD2 values) (+)-muscarine (5.23), cis-dioxolane (5.16), oxotremorine M (4.95) and carbachol (4.06) produced concentration-dependent relaxations corresponding to 72.6-85.0% of the histamine-induced precontraction. In contrast, the subtype-preferring (M1/M4 over M2 and M3 receptors) agonists 4-(3-chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy)-2-butynyltrimethylammonium chloride (McN-A-343), (S)-4-(dimethylamino)-1-methyl-2-butynyl-N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate methobromide [(S)-BN 228], (R)- and (S)-N-methyl-N-(1-methyl-4-pyrrolidino-2-butynyl)acetamide [(R)- and (S)-BM 5] showed no or rather low [(S)-BN 228] muscarinic activity. The low potencies, together with the ineffectiveness of some agonists, indicated a low effective receptor reserve associated with the relaxant response.
3.Pharmacological characterization of muscarinic receptors in dog isolated ciliary and urinary bladder smooth muscle.
Choppin A;Eglen RM Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Feb;132(4):835-42.
1. The pharmacological characteristics of muscarinic receptors mediating contraction of dog isolated ciliary muscle were determined and compared to those mediating contraction of dog urinary bladder smooth muscle. 2. (+)-Cis-dioxolane induced concentration-dependent contractions of ciliary muscle (pEC50=7.18+/-0.07, Emax=453+/-64 mg, n=19) and urinary bladder isolated smooth muscle (pEC50=6.55+/-0.07, Emax=11+/-1 g, n=19). These responses were antagonized by several muscarinic receptor antagonists (pKb values for the ciliary muscle and the bladder smooth muscle, respectively): atropine (8.25+/-0.14 and 9.21+/-0.09), pirenzepine (6.31+/-0.13 and 6.70+/-0.25), tolterodine (7.97+/-0.14 and 8.68+/-0.12), oxybutynin (7.40+/-0.08 and 7.88+/-0.12), zamifenacin (6.46+/-0.19 and 7.69+/-0.11), S-secoverine (6.66+/-0.14 and 8.13+/-0.07), AQ-RA 741 (6.16+/-0.15 and 7.08+/-0.23), p-F-HHSiD (7.10+/-0.27 and 7.35+/-0.07) and responses were not antagonized by PD 102807 (up to 100 nM). 3. In urinary bladder smooth muscle, the profile of antagonist pKB values correlated significantly with pK(i) values at human recombinant m3 muscarinic receptors, suggesting that M3 muscarinic receptors mediated the response.
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CAS 123548-16-3 AQ-RA 741

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