Amsacrine hydrochloride - CAS 54301-15-4
Catalog number: 54301-15-4
Category: Inhibitor
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Amsacrine hydrochloride is an antineoplastic agent which can intercalate into the DNA of tumor cells. It also expresses topoisomerase inhibitor activity, specifically inhibiting topoisomerase II.
AMSA hydrochloride; m-AMSA hydrochloride; CI-880 hydrochloride; SN-11841 hydrochloride; acridinyl anisidide hydrochloride
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1.Cellular responses to methyl-N-[4-9-acridinylamino)-2-methoxyphenyl] carbamate hydrochloride, an analogue of amsacrine active against non-proliferating cells.
Moreland N1, Finlay GJ, Dragunow M, Holdaway KM, Baguley BC. Eur J Cancer. 1997 Sep;33(10):1668-76.
The acridine derivative m-AMCA (methyl-N-[4-(9-acridinylamino)-2-methoxyphenyl]carbamate hydrochloride), a carbamate analogue of the topoisomerase II poison amsacrine, is distinguished by its high cytotoxicity against non-cycling tumour cells. We compared the response of cultured Lewis lung carcinoma cells to m-AMCA, amsacrine and the topoisomerase I poison camptothecin. The DNA polymerase inhibitor aphidicolin reversed the cytotoxicity of camptothecin fully, that of amsacrine partially, and that of m-AMCA minimally. The ability of m-AMCA to induce the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) was markedly lower than that of camptothecin or amsacrine. Cell cycle responses to m-AMCA and amsacrine were similar, with slowing of progress through S-phase and arrest in G2-phase. These cell cycle changes were also observed when plateau phase cultures were exposed to drug for 1 h, washed free of drug and cultured in fresh medium, with m-AMCA having a more pronounced effect than amsacrine and camptothecin having no effect.
2.Mutation E522K in human DNA topoisomerase IIbeta confers resistance to methyl N-(4'-(9-acridinylamino)-phenyl)carbamate hydrochloride and methyl N-(4'-(9-acridinylamino)-3-methoxy-phenyl) methane sulfonamide but hypersensitivity to etoposide.
Leontiou C1, Lakey JH, Austin CA. Mol Pharmacol. 2004 Sep;66(3):430-9.
Human cells express two isoforms of topoisomerase II, alpha and beta, that are both targeted by anticancer drugs. To investigate acridine resistance mediated by topoisomerase IIbeta, we used a forced molecular evolution approach. A library of mutated topoisomerase IIbeta cDNAs was generated by hydroxylamine mutagenesis and was transformed into the yeast JN394 top2-4. Methyl N-(4'-(9-acridinylamino)-phenyl)carbamate hydrochloride (AMCA) selection identified a resistant transformant able to grow in media containing 76 microg/ml AMCA. Topoisomerase IIbeta with a glutamic acid-to-lysine substitution at position 522 was responsible for the approximately 10-fold resistance to AMCA. The transformant was cross-resistant to methyl N-(4'-(9-acridinylamino)-3-methoxy-phenyl) methane sulfonamide (mAMSA) and mAMCA but hypersensitive to etoposide and ellipticine. In vitro, the betaE522K protein was unable to support acridine-stimulated DNA cleavage, suggesting that resistance to these acridines is caused by reduced drug-stimulated DNA cleavage.
3.A carbamate analogue of amsacrine with activity against non-cycling cells stimulates topoisomerase II cleavage at DNA sites distinct from those of amsacrine.
Baguley BC1, Leteurtre F, Riou JF, Finlay GJ, Pommier Y. Eur J Cancer. 1997 Feb;33(2):272-9.
AMCA (methyl N-[4-(9-acridinylamino)-2-methoxyphenyl]carbamate hydrochloride), an amsacrine analogue containing a methylcarbamate rather than a methylsulphonamide side chain, contrasts with amsacrine, doxorubicin and etoposide in its relatively high cytotoxicity against non-cycling tumour cells. AMCA bound DNA more tightly than amsacrine, but the DNA base selectivity of binding, as measured by ethidium displacement from poly[dA-dT].[dA-dT] and poly[dG-dC].[dG-dC], was unchanged. AMCA-induced topoisomerase cleavage sites on pBR322, C-MYC and SV40 DNA were investigated using agarose or sequencing gels. DNA fragments were end-labelled, incubated with purified topoisomerase II from different mammalian sources and analysed after treatment with sodium dodecylsulphate/proteinase K. AMCA stimulated the cleavage activity of topoisomerase II, but the DNA sequence selectivity of cleavage was different from that of amsacrine and other topoisomerase inhibitors.
4.Amsacrine suppresses matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2)/MMP-9 expression in human leukemia cells.
Liu WH1, Chen YJ, Chien JH, Chang LS. J Cell Physiol. 2014 May;229(5):588-98. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24481.
This study explores the suppression mechanism of amsacrine (4-(9-Acridinylamino)-N-(methanesulfonyl)-m-anisidine hydrochloride) on matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 expression in human leukemia cells. Amsacrine attenuated cell invasion with decreased MMP-2/MMP-9 protein expression and mRNA levels in U937, Jurkat, HL-60, K562, KU812, and MEG-01 cells. Moreover, amsacrine reduced both MMP-2/MMP-9 promoter luciferase activity and MMP-2/MMP-9 mRNA stability in leukemia cells. Studies on amsacrine-treated U937 cells revealed that amsacrine-elicited ROS generation induced JNK and p38 MAPK activation but reduced the phospho-ERK level. Amsacrine-induced ERK inactivation and p38 MAPK/JNK activation were demonstrated to suppress MMP-2/MMP-9 promoter luciferase activity and promote MMP-2/MMP-9 mRNA decay, respectively. p38 MAPK/JNK activation led to up-regulation of protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit α (PP2Acα) in amsacrine-treated U937 cells.
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CAS 54301-15-4 Amsacrine hydrochloride

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