Flavor & Fragrance
Product Name:
2-Butanone, 4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-, acetate, 2-Butanone, 4-[4-(acetyloxy)phenyl]-, 4-(3-Oxobutyl)phenyl acetate, 4-(P-ACETOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Molecular Formula:
Olfactive Family:
Odor description:
A raspberry, blueberry, jam-like odor.
Chemical Structure

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Reference Reading

1.Field Evaluation of Melolure, a Formate Analogue of Cuelure, and Reassessment of Fruit Fly Species Trapped in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Dominiak BC1, Campbell AJ2, Jang EB3, Ramsey A4, Fanson BG5. J Econ Entomol. 2015 Jun;108(3):1176-81. doi: 10.1093/jee/tov048. Epub 2015 Mar 30.
In Australia, tephritids are usually attracted to either cuelure or methyl eugenol. Methyl eugenol is a very effective lure, but cuelure is less effective likely due to low volatility. A new formate analogue of cuelure, melolure, has increased volatility, resulting in improved efficacy with the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett. We tested the efficacy of melolure with fruit fly species in Sydney as part of the National Exotic Fruit Fly Monitoring programme. This monitoring programme has 71 trap sites across Sydney, with each trap site comprising separate Lynfield traps containing either cuelure, methyl eugenol, or capilure lure. In 2008, an additional Lynfield trap with melolure plugs was added to seven sites. In 2009 and 2010, an additional Lynfield trap with melolure wicks was added to 11 trap sites and traps were monitored fortnightly for 2 yr. Capture rates for melolure traps were similar to cuelure traps for Dacus absonifacies (May) and Dacus aequalis (Coquillet), but melolure traps consistently caught fewer Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) than cuelure traps.
2.Cuelure but not zingerone make the sex pheromone of male Bactrocera tryoni (Tephritidae: Diptera) more attractive to females.
Kumaran N1, Hayes RA2, Clarke AR3. J Insect Physiol. 2014 Sep;68:36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2014.06.015. Epub 2014 Jul 7.
In tephritid fruit flies of the genus Bactrocera Macquart, a group of plant derived compounds (sensu amplo 'male lures') enhance the mating success of males that have consumed them. For flies responding to the male lure methyl eugenol, this is due to the accumulation of chemicals derived from the male lure in the male rectal gland (site of pheromone synthesis) and the subsequent release of an attractive pheromone. Cuelure, raspberry ketone and zingerone are a second, related group of male lures to which many Bactrocera species respond. Raspberry ketone and cuelure are both known to accumulate in the rectal gland of males as raspberry ketone, but it is not known if the emitted male pheromone is subsequently altered in complexity or is more attractive to females. Using Bactrocera tryoni as our test insect, and cuelure and zingerone as our test chemicals, we assess: (i) lure accumulation in the rectal gland; (ii) if the lures are released exclusively in association with the male pheromone; and (iii) if the pheromone of lure-fed males is more attractive to females than the pheromone of lure-unfed males.