4'-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin - CAS 6559-91-7
Catalog number: 6559-91-7
Category: Inhibitor
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4'-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin is a key intermediate compound for the preparation of podophyllotoxin-type anti-cancer drugs. It is a potent inhibitor of microtubule assembly.
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1.Continuous versus alternating combination chemotherapy for advanced small cell carcinoma of the lung.
Osterlind K;Sörenson S;Hansen HH;Dombernowsky P;Hirsch FR;Hansen M;Rørth M Cancer Res. 1983 Dec;43(12 Pt 1):6085-9.
In a 2-year period, 146 patients with small cell carcinoma of the lung, staged as having extensive disease, were randomized to receive either continuous chemotherapy consisting of (a) 1-(2-chloroethyl-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and vincristine followed by (b) 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin 9-[4,6-O-(R) ethylidene-beta-D-glucopyranoside] and doxorubicin at progression of disease or a regimen of (a) alternating with (b). Seventy-six patients received the continuous regimen; 70 patients received alternating treatment. Response rates were 68 and 72%, respectively. The median duration of response was 16 weeks in patients receiving continuous treatment compared to 28 weeks in patients receiving alternating treatment (p less than 0.05). No survival time difference was observed between the groups, median survival being 36 and 38 weeks, respectively. Four patients became long-term survivors (5.6 +, 5.5 +, 5.1, and 4.7 + years). All received alternating therapy. Six toxic deaths were observed among patients receiving continuous therapy compared to only one death among those in the alternating regimen. In conclusion, alternating combination chemotherapy leads to prolonged duration of remission.
2.A novel biotransformation process of 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin to 4'-demethylepipodophyllic acid by Bacillus fusiformis CICC 20463, Part II: process optimization.
Tang YJ;Xu XL;Zhong JJ Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2010 Feb;33(2):237-46. doi: 10.1007/s00449-009-0317-x. Epub 2009 Apr 25.
This work optimized the novel biotransformation process of 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin (DMEP) into 4'-demethylepipodophyllic acid (DMEPA) by Bacillus fusiformis CICC 20463. Firstly, the biotransformation process was significantly affected by medium composition. 5 g/L of yeast extract and 10 g/L of peptone were optimal for DMEPA production (i.e., 2.81 + or - 0.21 mg/L), while not beneficial for the cell growth of B. fusiformis. This indicated that the biosynthesis of DMEPA was not corresponded well to the cell growth of B. fusiformis. 40 g/L of sucrose was optimal for DMEPA production (i.e., 2.94 + or - 0.17 mg/L), and 3 g/L of NaCl was the best for DMEPA production (i.e., 4.10 + or - 0.18 mg/L). Secondly, the production of DMEPA was significantly enhanced by the control of substrate concentration and culture pH. 100 mg/L of substrate was optimal for DMEPA production (i.e., 6.47 + or - 0.35 mg/L), and DMEPA concentration was enhanced to 38.78 mg/L by controlling culture pH at 9.0 in the stirred-tank bioreactors. The fundamental information obtained in this study provides a simple and efficient way to produce DMEPA by biotransformation.
3.Novel biotransformation process of podophyllotoxin to 4 β-sulfur-substituted podophyllum derivates with anti-tumor activity by Penicillium purpurogenum Y.J. Tang.
Bai JK;Zhao W;Li HM;Tang YJ Curr Med Chem. 2012;19(6):927-36.
According to the structure-function relationship of podophyllotoxin (PTOX) and its analogue of 4'- demethylepipodophyllotoxin (DMEP), the 4 β-substitution of sulfur-containing heterocyclic compounds with a carbon-sulfur bond at 4 position of PTOX or DMEP is an essential modification direction for improving the anti-tumor activity. So, four novel 4 β-sulfursubstituted podophyllum derivatives (i.e., 4β -(1,2,4-triazole-3-yl)sulfanyl-4-deoxy-podophyllotoxin (4-MT-PTOX), 4β-(1,3,4- thiadiazole-2-yl)sulfanyl-4-deoxy-podophyllotoxin (4-MTD-PTOX), 4β-(1,2,4-triazole-3-yl)sulfanyl-4-deoxy-4' -demethylepipodophyllotoxin (4-MT-DMEP), and 4β-(1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl)sulfanyl-4-deoxy-4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin (4-MTD-DMEP)) were designed and then successfully biosynthesized in this work. In the novel sulfur-substituted biotransformation processes, PTOX and DMEP was linked with sulfur-containing compounds (i.e., 3-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole (MT) and 2-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole (MTD)) at 4 position of cycloparaffin to produce 4-MT-PTOX (1), 4-MTD-PTOX (2), 4-MT-DMEP (3), and 4-MTD-DMEP (4) by Penicillium purpurogenum Y.J. Tang, respectively, which was screened out from Diphylleia sinensis Li (Hubei, China).
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CAS 6559-91-7 4'-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin

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