3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole - CAS 74209-34-0
Category: Inhibitor
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Molecular Weight:
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS)
3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole has been found to be a nNOS inhibitor and could also be a neuroprotective compound that inhibits the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway.
≥98% by HPLC
Light Brown Solid
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1.Effects of intrathecal administration of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors on carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia.
Osborne MG;Coderre TJ Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;126(8):1840-6.
1. We examined the effects of various nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors on carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia. 2. First, we determined the time point at which a subcutaneous plantar injection of carrageenan into the rat hindpaw produced maximum thermal hyperalgesia. Subsequently, we demonstrated that intrathecal administration of the non-selective NOS inhibitor L-N(G)-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) produces a dose-dependent reduction of carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia. 3. Four relatively selective NOS inhibitors were then tested for their efficacy at reducing carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia. Initially, the effects of prolonged treatment with inhibitors of neuronal [7-nitroindazole (7-NI) and 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole (3-Br)] and inducible [aminoguanidine (AG) and 2-amino-5,6-dihydro-methylthiazine (AMT)] NOS were examined. All agents were injected three times intrathecally during the course of inflammation caused by the plantar injection of carrageenan, and thermal hyperalgesia was measured at 6 h post-carrageenan using a plantar apparatus. 4. All inhibitors, except for 7-NI, were effective at attenuating the carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia when compared with vehicle treatment.
2.The nitric oxide/cyclic GMP system at the supraspinal site is involved in the development of acute morphine antinociceptive tolerance.
Xu JY;Hill KP;Bidlack JM J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Jan;284(1):196-201.
The role of the supraspinal nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic GMP system in the development of acute morphine antinociceptive tolerance was investigated by use of the mouse 55 degrees C warm-water tail-flick test. A single intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) pretreatment of mice with morphine (3 nmol, 140 min before testing) produced an acute antinociceptive tolerance to subsequent i.c.v. doses of morphine, as demonstrated by a 120-fold rightward shift of the morphine dose-response curve. When co-administered with morphine (140 min before testing), the NO synthase inhibitors: N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole, 7-nitroindazole and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, attenuated the development of morphine tolerance. All four NO synthase inhibitors completely blocked the rightward shift of the morphine dose-response curve caused by i.c.v. morphine pretreatment (3 nmol, 140 min before testing). This effect was partially antagonized by L-arginine, but not D-arginine, in a dose-dependent manner. Also, D-NAME did not block the development of tolerance. Like the NO synthase inhibitors, LY-83,583, a guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, blocked the development of tolerance, which suggests that NO acting through the cyclic GMP pathway is involved in the development of acute antinociceptive tolerance.
3.Possible role of nitric oxide in the development of L-2-chloropropionic acid-induced cerebellar granule cell necrosis.
Widdowson PS;Gyte A;Simpson MG;Farnworth M;Dunn D;Moore RB;Wyatt I;Lock EA Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Apr;117(8):1761-7.
1. L-2-Chloropropionic acid (L-CPA) produces selective neuronal cell necrosis in rat cerebellum when administered orally at 750 mg kg-1 that is mediated in part through activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Cerebellar granule cell death occurs between 30 and 36 h following L-CPA administration exhibiting a number of features in common with excitatory amino acid-induced cell death. We have used this in vivo model to examine the neurochemical processes following L-CPA-induced activation of NMDA receptors leading to neuronal cell death in the rat cerebellum. 2. The effects of a number of compounds which potently block nitric oxide synthase in vitro were examined on L-CPA-induced neurotoxicity 48 h following L-CPA dosing, to discover whether the neuronal cell death is mediated in part by excessive nitric oxide generation. Four inhibitors were studied, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG), NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), NG-iminoethyl-L-ornithine (L-NIO) and 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole (BrNI). 3. L-NAME (50 mg kg-1, i.p. twice daily) and BrIN (50 mg kg-1, i.p. twice daily) administration prevented the L-CPA-induced loss of granule cells which can reach up to 80-90% of the total cell number in rats treated with L-CPA alone.
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CAS 74209-34-0 3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole

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