1.Aliphatic C-C Bond Cleavage of α-Hydroxy Ketones by Non-Heme Iron(II) Complexes: Mechanistic Insight into the Reaction Catalyzed by 2,4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone Dioxygenase.
Rahaman R1, Paria S1, Paine TK1. Inorg Chem. 2015 Nov 16;54(22):10576-86. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01235. Epub 2015 Nov 4.
2,4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone dioxygenase (DAD) is a bacterial non-heme enzyme that carries out oxygenative aliphatic C-C bond cleavage of 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone (an α-hydroxy ketone) with the incorporation of both the oxygen atoms of dioxygen into the cleavage products. The crystal structure of the iron enzyme DAD has recently been determined, but very little is known about the mechanism of the C-C bond cleavage reaction. With the objective of gaining insights into the mechanism of the reaction catalyzed by DAD, six new biomimetic iron(II)-α-hydroxy ketone complexes, [(Tp(Ph2))Fe(II)(PHAP)] (1), [(Tp(Ph2))Fe(II)(HCH)] (2), [(Tp(Ph2))Fe(II)(HBME)] (3), [(Tp(Ph2))Fe(II)(CHPE)] (4), [(6-Me3-TPA)Fe(II)(PHAP)](+) (5), and [(6-Me3-TPA)Fe(II)(HCH)](+) (6) (Tp(Ph2) = hydrotris(3,5-diphenylpyrazol-1-yl)borate, 6-Me3-TPA = tris(6-methyl-2-pyridylmethyl)amine, PHAP-H = 2-phenyl-2-hydroxyacetophenone, HCH-H = 2-hydroxycyclohexanone, HBME-H = 2-hydroxy-1,2-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone, and CHPE-H = 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethanone), have been isolated and characterized.
2.Extension of resolution and oligomerization-state studies of 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone dioxygenase from Alcaligenes sp. 4HAP.
Guo J1, Erskine P1, Coker AR1, Gor J2, Perkins SJ2, Wood SP1, Cooper JB1. Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun. 2015 Oct;71(Pt 10):1258-63. doi: 10.1107/S2053230X15015873. Epub 2015 Sep 23.
The enzyme 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone dioxygenase (DAD) catalyses the conversion of 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone to 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and formic acid. This enzyme is a very unusual dioxygenase in that it cleaves a C-C bond in a substituent of the aromatic ring rather than within the ring itself. Whilst it has been shown that DAD is a tetramer in solution, the recently solved crystal structure of the Alcaligenes sp. 4HAP enzyme was in fact dimeric rather than tetrameric. Since the use of limited chymotrypsinolysis, which apparently results in removal of the first 20 or so N-terminal residues of DAD, was necessary for crystallization of the protein, it was investigated whether this was responsible for the change in its oligomerization state. Gel-filtration and analytical ultracentrifugation studies were conducted, which confirmed that chymotrypsinolysed DAD has an apparent molecular weight of around 40 kDa, corresponding to a dimer. In contrast, the native enzyme has a molecular weight in the 70-80 kDa region, as expected for the tetramer.
3.Nontargeted GC-MS approach for volatile profile of toasting in cherry, chestnut, false acacia, and ash wood.
Fernández de Simón B1, Sanz M, Cadahía E, Esteruelas E, Muñoz AM. J Mass Spectrom. 2014 May;49(5):353-70. doi: 10.1002/jms.3347.
By using a nontargeted GC-MS approach, 153 individual volatile compounds were found in extracts from untoasted, light toasted and medium-toasted cherry, chestnut, false acacia, as well as European and American ash wood, used in cooperage for aging wines, spirits and other beverages. In all wood types, the toasting provoked a progressive increase in carbohydrate derivatives, lactones and lignin constituents, along with a variety of other components, thus increasing the quantitative differences among species with the toasting intensity. The qualitative differences in the volatile profiles allow for identifying woods from cherry (being p-anisylalcohol, p-anisylaldehyde, p-anisylacetone, methyl benzoate and benzyl salicylate detected only in this wood), chestnut (cis and trans whisky lactone) and false acacia (resorcinol, 3,4-dimethoxyphenol, 2,4-dihydroxy benzaldehyde, 2,4-dihydroxyacetophenone, 2,4-dihydroxypropiophenone and 2,4-dihydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone), but not those from ash, because of the fact that all compounds present in this wood are detected in at least one other.
4.[Chemical constituents of ethyl acetate fraction from Aeschynanthus bracteatus].
Wang Q1, Xu FH. Zhong Yao Cai. 2013 Mar;36(3):414-5.
OBJECTIVE: To study the constituents of EtOAc extract from Aeschynanthus bracteatus.