1.Spiro-fused carbohydrate oxazoline ligands: Synthesis and application as enantio-discrimination agents in asymmetric allylic alkylation.
Kraft J1, Golkowski M2, Ziegler T1. Beilstein J Org Chem. 2016 Jan 29;12:166-71. doi: 10.3762/bjoc.12.18. eCollection 2016.
In the present work, we describe a convenient synthesis of spiro-fused D-fructo- and D-psico-configurated oxazoline ligands and their application in asymmetric catalysis. The ligands were synthesized from readily available 3,4,5-tri-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-β-D-fructopyranose and 3,4,5-tri-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-β-D-psicopyranose, respectively. The latter compounds were partially deprotected under acidic conditions followed by condensation with thiocyanic acid to give an anomeric mixture of the corresponding 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thiones. The anomeric 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thiones were separated after successive benzylation, fully characterized and subjected to palladium catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling with 2-pyridineboronic acid N-phenyldiethanolamine ester to give the corresponding 2-pyridyl spiro-oxazoline (PyOx) ligands. The spiro-oxazoline ligands showed high asymmetric induction (up to 93% ee) when applied as chiral ligands in palladium-catalyzed allylic alkylation of 1,3-diphenylallyl acetate with dimethyl malonate.
2.Deoxyfluoroketohexoses: 4-deoxy-4-fluoro-D-sorbose and -tagatose and 5-deoxy-5-fluoro-L-sorbose.
Rao GV, Que L Jr, Hall LD, Fondy TP. Carbohydr Res. 1975 Apr;40(02):311-21.
4-Deoxy-4-fluoro-alpha-D-sorbose (6) was prepared in crystalline form by the action of potassium hydrogen fluoride on 3,4-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-psicopyranose (3) followed by deacetonation. Under identical conditions, 3,4-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-tagatopyranose (7) underwent epoxide migration to give 4,5-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose (12), which after deacetonation yielded 4-deoxy-4-fluoro-D-tagatose (15) and 5-deoxy-5-fluoro-alpha-L-sorbopyranose (16), the latter as the crystalline, free sugar. The action of glycol-cleavage reagents on the isopropylidene acetals of the deoxyfluoro sugars was consistent with the assigned structures. The structures were established by 13-C n.m.r. studies of the free deoxyfluoro sugars 6 and 16 and of the isopropylidene acetal 13, and by 1-H n.m.r. studies on the acetylated isopropylidene acetals 5 diacetate, 13 diacetate, and 14 diacetate. 5-Deoxy-5-fluoro-L-sorbose (16) was biologically active, producing in mice effects characteristic of deoxyfluorotrioses and of fluoroacetate.
3.3,4-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-tagatopyranose and 4,5-Anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose.
Ataie M1, Buchanan JG, Edgar AR, Kinsman RG, Lyssikatou M, Mahon MF, Welsh PM. Carbohydr Res. 2000 Jan 12;323(1-4):36-43.
3,4-Anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-tagatopyranose (8) and 4,5-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose (10) have been prepared by treatment of 3,5-di-O-acetyl-1,2-O- isopropylidene-4-O-toluene-p-sulfonyl-beta-D-fructopyranose with methanolic sodium methoxide. The structures of 8 and 10 were assigned by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and that of 10 by X-ray crystallography; both exist in half-chair conformations. Compounds 8 and 10 interconvert in aqueous sodium hydroxide, giving a ratio of 1:2 at equilibrium. The monoacetates of 8 and 10 (5-O-acetyl-3,4-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-tagatopyranose and 3-O-acetyl-4,5-anhydro-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose) undergo stereospecific epoxide ring opening in 80% acetic acid to give mainly the axial monoacetates 5-O-acetyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose and 4-O-acetyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-tagatopyranose, respectively.
4.A practical route to partially protected pyrrolidines as precursors for the stereoselective synthesis of alexines.
Cubero II1, López-Espinosa MT, Díaz RR, Montalbán FF. Carbohydr Res. 2001 Feb 15;330(3):401-8.
Either 3-O-benzoyl- (2a) or 3-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose (2b) were regioselectively O-benzylated at C-4 to give 4a and 4b, respectively, which were transformed into 5-azido-3-O-benzoyl-4-O-benzyl- (6a) and 5-azido-3,4-di-O-benzyl-5-deoxy-1,2-O-isopropylidene-alpha-L-sorbopyranose (6b) by nucleophilic displacement of the corresponding 5-O-mesyl derivatives 5a and 5b by sodium azide in DMF, respectively. Compound 6b was also prepared from 4b in one step by the Mitsunobu methodology. Deacetonation of 6a and 6b gave the partially protected free azidouloses 8a and 8b, respectively, that were protected as their 1-O-TBDPS derivatives 9a and 9b. Hydrogenation of 9b over Raney nickel gave stereoselectively (2R,3R,4R,5S)-3,4-dibenzyloxy-2'-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilyl-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine (12) which was identified by transformation into the well known (2R,3R,4R,5S)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine (1, DGDP).