Useful Abbreviations
Targets        
Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description
ACC Acetyl-CoA carboxylase ITK Interleukin 2-inducible T cell kinase
AChE Acetylcholinesterase or acetylhydrolase JAK Janus kinase
ACK1 Activated CDC42 kinase 1 JNKs c-Jun N-terminal kinases
Akt Protein kinase B (PKB) KEAP1 Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1
ALDH Aldehyde dehydrogenase Nrf2 Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2
ALK Anaplastic lymphoma kinase KIR Killer-cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptor


Products / Ligands        
Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description
acac Acetylacetone HMPT Hexamethylphosphorous Triamide
AIBN 2,2'-Azobis(isobutyronitrile) HOAt 1-Hydroxy-7-azabenzotriazole
BINAP 2,2'-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1'-binaphthyl HOBt 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
BINOL Binaphthol MCPBA m-Chloroperoxybenzoic Acid
BSA N,O-Bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide MEK Methyl Ethyl Ketone
CD Cyclodextrin NBS N-Bromosuccinimide
CSA Camphorsulfonic Acid NCS N-Chlorosuccinimide
DABCO 1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane NIS N-Iodosuccinimide
DAST (Diethylamino)sulfur Trifluoride NMO 4-Methylmorpholine N-Oxide
DBU 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]-7-undecene Pc Phthalocyanine
DCC N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide PCC Pyridinium Chlorochromate
DEAD Diethyl Azodicarboxylate PDC Pyridinium Dichromate
DHP 3,4-Dihydro-2H-pyran PEG Polyethylene Glycol
DMA N,N-Dimethylacetamide PG Prostaglandin
DMAP 4-Dimethylaminopyridine PPTS Pyridinium p-Toluenesulfonate
DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide SDS Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
dmit 4,5-Dimercapto-1,3-dithiole-2-thione TBAF Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride
DMSO Dimethyl Sulfoxide TCNQ 7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethane
DOXYL 4,4-Dimethyloxazolidine-1-oxyl TEMPO 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidine 1-Oxyl
dppf 1,1'-Bis(diphenylphosphinoferrocene) TFA Trifluoroacetic Acid
DVB Divinylbenzene THF Tetrahydrofuran
EDC 3-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-1-ethylcarbodiimide THP Tetrahydropyran
EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid TMTSF Tetramethyltetraselenafluvalene
Fc Ferrocene TNBS 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
HMDS 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexamethyldisilazane TPD N,N'-Diphenyl-N,N'-di(m-tolyl)benzidine
HMPA Hexamethylphosphoric Triamide TTF Tetrathiafulvalene


Protecting Groups / Functional Groups    
Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description
Ac Acetyl- Nps 2-Nitrophenylsulfenyl-
Alloc Allyloxycarbonyl- Ns Nitrobenzenesulfonyl-
Bn Benzyl- PMB p-Methoxybenzyl-
Boc tert- -Butoxycarbonyl- SEM 2-(Trimethylsilyl)ethoxymethyl-
Bz Benzoyl- TBDMS tert-Butyldimethylsilyl- (=TBS-)
Cbz Carbobenzoxy- (=Benzyloxycarbonyl-) TES Triethylsilyl-
Dnp 2,4-Dinitrophenyl- Tf Trifluoromethanesulfonyl-
Fmoc (9H-Fluoren-9-ylmethoxy)carbonyl- TIPS Triisopropylsilyl-
MEM (2-Methoxyethoxy)methyl- TMS Trimethylsilyl-
Mes 2,4,6-Trimethylphenyl- (=Mesityl-) Tr Triphenylmethyl- (=Trityl-)
MOM Methoxymethyl- Ts p-Toluenesulfonyl- (=Tosyl-)
Ms Methanesulfonyl- Z =Cbz-


Greek letters        
Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description
α alpha ν nu
β beta ξ xi
γ gamma ο omicron
δ delta π pi
ε epsilon ρ rho
ζ zeta σ sigma
η eta τ tau
θ theta υ upsilon
ι iota φ phi
κ kappa χ chi
λ lambda ψ psi
μ mu ω omega


Descriptors        
Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description
o- ortho erythro- erythro form
m- meta D- D form
p- para L- L form
n- normal DL- DL form
prim- primary d- or (+)- dextro rotation
sec- secondary l- or (-)- levo rotation
tert- tertiary dl- or (±)- racemic mixture
B- boron position (R)- R (rectus) form
N- nitrogen position (S)- S (sinister) form
O- oxygen position meso- meso form
P- phosphorus position syn- syn form
S- sulfur position anti- anti form
cis- cis form asym- asymmetric form
trans- trans form s- or sym- symmetric form
(Z)- Z (zusammen) form active- active form
(E)- E (entgegen) form leuco- leuco form
threo- threo form