1.Hyaluronic Acid-Tocopherol Succinate-Based Self-Assembling Micelles for Targeted Delivery of Rifampicin to Alveolar Macrophages.
Gao Y, Sarfraz MK, Clas SD, Roa W, Löbenberg R. J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2015 Aug;11(8):1312-29.
We developed a target drug delivery system for the treatment of tuberculosis using rifampicin (RIF) incorporated into hyaluronic acid-tocopherol succinate (HA-TS) micelles. The RIF-HA-TS micelles were physicochemically characterized and the cellular uptake of RIF-HA-TS micelles on murine alveolar macrophage MH-S cells was investigated. Furthermore, the cytokine secreting activities of the alveolar macrophages after treatment with RIF-HA-TS micelles were evaluated. The results of the studies indicate that (i) mean particle size of HA-TS micelles was in the range of 212-294.6 nm depending on the degree of substitution (DS) of the hydrophobic moiety. The incorporated RIF was sustained released from RIF loaded HA-TS micelles (ii) cellular uptake of RIF-HA-TS micelles was dose and energy dependent (iii) RIF-HA-TS micelles had a significant uptake in comparison to free RIF, with the highest uptake at 12 h (iv) RIF-HA-TS micelles were taken up into cells via phygocytosis as well as CD44 receptor-mediate endocytosis (v) beside E.
2.Omega-3 fatty acids incorporated colloidal systems for the delivery of Angelica gigas Nakai extract.
Lee JJ1, Park JH2, Lee JY2, Jeong JY1, Lee SY1, Yoon IS3, Kang WS4, Kim DD2, Cho HJ5. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2016 Apr 1;140:239-45. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.12.047. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
Omega-3 (ω-3) fish oil-enriched colloidal systems were developed for the oral delivery of Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) extract (ext). By constructing a pseudo-ternary phase diagram, the composition of oil-in-water (o/w) microemulsion (ME) systems based on ω-3 (oil), Labrasol (surfactant), and water was determined. AGN ext was dissolved into the ME system and d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) was added to the ME formulation in order to enhance the mucosal absorption of the pharmacologically active ingredients in the AGN ext. The droplet size of AGN-loaded MEs was 205-277nm and their morphology was spherical. The release of major components of AGN, decursin (D) and decursinol angelate (DA), from ME formulations in pH 1.2 and 6.8 buffers was significantly greater (P<0.05) than that from the AGN suspension group. The pharmacokinetic properties of AGN-loaded MEs in rats were evaluated by measuring decursinol (DOH) concentrations in plasma after oral administration.
3.Enhance Cancer Cell Recognition and Overcome Drug Resistance Using Hyaluronic Acid and α-Tocopheryl Succinate Based Multifunctional Nanoparticles.
Liang D1, Wang AT1, Yang ZZ1, Liu YJ1, Qi XR1. Mol Pharm. 2015 Jun 1;12(6):2189-202. doi: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00129. Epub 2015 May 18.
Multidrug resistance (MDR) presents a clinical obstacle to cancer chemotherapy. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of a hyaluronic acid (HA) and α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS) based nanoparticle to enhance cancer cell recognition and overcome MDR, and to explore the underlying mechanisms. A multifunctional nanoparticle, HTTP-50 NP, consisted of HA-α-TOS (HT) conjugate and d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) with docetaxel loaded in its hydrophobic core. The promoted tumor cell recognition and accumulation, cytotoxicity, and mitochondria-specific apoptotic pathways for the HTTP-50 NP were confirmed in MCF-7/Adr cells (P-gp-overexpressing cancer model), indicating that the formulated DTX and the conjugated α-TOS in the HTTP-50 NP could synergistically circumvent the acquired and intrinsic MDR in MCF-7/Adr cells. In vivo investigation on the MCF-7/Adr xenografted nude mice models confirmed that HTTP-50 NP possessed much higher tumor tissue accumulation and exhibited pronouncedly enhanced antiresistance tumor efficacy with reduced systemic toxicity compared with HTTP-0 NP and Taxotere.
4.Synthesis of the vitamin E amino acid esters with an enhanced anticancer activity and in silico screening for new antineoplastic drugs.
Gagic Z1, Ivkovic B2, Srdic-Rajic T3, Vucicevic J2, Nikolic K2, Agbaba D2. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2016 Apr 8;88:59-69. doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2016.04.008. [Epub ahead of print]
Tocopherols and tocotrienols belong to the family of vitamin E (VE) with the well-known antioxidant properties. For certain α-tocopherol and γ-tocotrienol derivatives used as the lead compounds in this study, antitumor activities against various cancer cell types have been reported. In the course of the last decade, structural analogs of VE (esters, ethers and amides) with an enhanced antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity against various cancer cells were synthesized. Within the framework of this study, seven amino acid esters of α-tocopherol (4a-d) and γ-tocotrienol (6a-c) were prepared using the EDC/DMAP reaction conditions and their ability to inhibit proliferation of the MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and the A549 lung cancer cells was evaluated. Compound 6a showed an activity against all three cell lines (IC50: 20.6μM, 28.6μM and 19μM for the MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and A549 cells, respectively), while compound 4a inhibited proliferation of the MCF-7 (IC50=8.