1.Metal complexes of a pentadentate N2O3bis(semicarbazone) Schiff-base. A case study of structure-spectroscopy correlation.
Inoue MH1, Ribeiro RR1, Sabino JR2, Nunes FS3. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2016 Mar 29;164:76-83. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2016.03.024. [Epub ahead of print]
Schiff condensation of 2,6-diformyl 4-methylphenol with semicarbazide hydrochloride in 1:2 molar ratio produces the bis(semicarbazone) ligand, herein called H3L. A comprehensive spectroscopic analysis of the compound was performed by 1H and 13C NMR, FTIR and electronic spectroscopies. Assignments to the UV-vis spectrum of H3L were supported by semi-empirical quantum mechanics ZINDO/S calculations. The ligand H3L forms monoclinic crystals in the space group P21/c and its structure is stabilized by classic hydrogen bonds with propanone molecules. It promptly reacts with first row metal ions to produce the following coordination compounds: [Co2(L)(μ-NO3)]·DMF, [Ni2(H2L)(μ-CH3COO)(CH3COO)2]·2H2O, [Cu2(L)(μ-NO3)(H2O)2]·H2O, [Cu2(L)(μ-CH3COO)(H2O)2]·H2O and [Cu2(H2L)(μ-Cl)Cl2]·3H2O, that have different compositions, depending on the degree of deprotonation of the ligand upon coordination. Electronic and EPR spectroscopies as well as effective magnetic moment measurements of the complexes were used in an attempt to better understand their mode of coordination, the microsymmetry around the metal ions and magnetic properties.
2.Prolonged Drainage and Intrapericardial Bleomycin Administration for Cardiac Tamponade Secondary to Cancer-Related Pericardial Effusion.
Numico G1, Cristofano A, Occelli M, Sicuro M, Mozzicafreddo A, Fea E, Colantonio I, Merlano M, Piovano P, Silvestris N. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr;95(15):e3273. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003273.
Malignant pericardial effusion (MPE) is a serious complication of several cancers. The most commonly involved solid tumors are lung and breast cancer. MPE can give rise to the clinical picture of cardiac tamponade, a life threatening condition that needs immediate drainage. While simple pericardiocentesis allows resolution of the symptoms, MPE frequently relapses unless further procedures are performed. Prolonged drainage, talcage with antineoplastic agents, or surgical creation of a pleuro-pericardial window are the most commonly suggested ones. They all result in MPE resolution and high rates of long-term control. Patients suitable for further systemic treatments can have a good prognosis irrespective of the pericardial site of disease. We prospectively enrolled patients with cardiac tamponade treated with prolonged drainage associated with Bleomycin administration.Twenty-two consecutive patients with MPE and associated signs of hemodynamical compromise underwent prolonged drainage and subsequent Bleomycin administration.
3.Treatment of experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis with different natural compounds.
Li M1, Chen X1, Liu J2, Wang D2, Gan L1, Lv X1, Qiao Y2. Mol Med Rep. 2016 Apr 8. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2016.5096. [Epub ahead of print]
Uveitis is an important eye disease that potentially causes loss of sight. Although extensive studies have been conducted on uveitis, the exact pathogenesis remains to be determined. The effects of treatment with natural compounds on an experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) rat model were examined in the present study. A total of 25 rats were divided into 5 groups: Alkaloids (n=5), saponins (n=5), flavonoids (n=5), phenols (n=5), and the normal saline group (n=5). The rats in each group were treated with an intraperitoneal injection of proper alkaloids (berberine hydrochloride), saponins (steroidal saponins), flavonoids (baicalein), or phenols (chlorogenic acid) or physiological saline, respectively. The rats' aqueous humour and crystalline lens was then observed under the slit lamp periodically, looking for signs of inflammation. After 2 weeks, the rats were sacrificed and the degree of pathological changes on their eyeballs under different treatment methods were determined using an optical microscope.
4.Intravaginal administration of metformin hydrochloride loaded cationic niosomes amalgamated with thermosensitive gel for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: In vitro and in vivo studies.
Saini N1, Sodhi RK2, Bajaj L1, Pandey RS3, Jain UK1, Katare OP4, Madan J5. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2016 Apr 8;144:161-169. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.04.016. [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Metformin hydrochloride (MTF-HCl) is extensively recommended by physicians for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Mechanistically, MTF-HCl activates AMP-dependent kinase-α (AMPK-α) pathway to decrease the glucose production, enhances fatty acid oxidation and elevates the uptake of glucose in tissues. However, despite favourable physicochemical properties, oral administration of MTF-HCl is associated with impaired bioavailability (50-60%), lactic-acidosis and frequent dosing (500mg 2-3 times a day) in PCOS that ultimately influence the patient compliance. Therefore, in present investigation, MTF-HCl loaded unmodified and cationic small unilamellar niosomes were separately amalgamated with thermosensitive gel (MTF-HCl-SUNs-Gel and MTF-HCl-C-SUNs-Gel) for the treatment of PCOS through vaginal route of administration.