1.Pharmacological characterization of AC-90179 [2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(4-methyl-benzyl)-N-(1-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)-acetamide hydrochloride]: a selective serotonin 2A receptor inverse agonist.
Vanover KE1, Harvey SC, Son T, Bradley SR, Kold H, Makhay M, Veinbergs I, Spalding TA, Weiner DM, Andersson CM, Tolf BR, Brann MR, Hacksell U, Davis RE. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Sep;310(3):943-51. Epub 2004 Apr 21.
The primary purpose of the present series of experiments was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology profile of 2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-N-(4-methyl-benzyl)-N-(1-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)-acetamide hydrochloride (AC-90179), a selective serotonin (5-HT2A) receptor inverse agonist, in comparison with the antipsychotics haloperidol and clozapine. The secondary purpose was to characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of AC-90179. Like all atypical antipsychotics, AC-90179 shows high potency as an inverse agonist and competitive antagonist at 5HT2A receptors. In addition, AC-90179 exhibits antagonism at 5HT2C receptors. In contrast, AC-90179 does not have significant potency for D2 and H1 receptors that have been implicated in the dose-limiting side effects of other antipsychotic drugs. The ability of AC-90179 to block 5-HT2A receptor signaling in vivo was demonstrated by its blockade of the rate-decreasing effects of the 5-HT2A agonist, (+/-)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride, under a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement.