1.APRIL is overexpressed in cancer: link with tumor progression.
Moreaux J1, Veyrune JL, De Vos J, Klein B. BMC Cancer. 2009 Mar 16;9:83. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-83.
BACKGROUND: BAFF and APRIL share two receptors - TACI and BCMA - and BAFF binds to a third receptor, BAFF-R. Increased expression of BAFF and APRIL is noted in hematological malignancies. BAFF and APRIL are essential for the survival of normal and malignant B lymphocytes, and altered expression of BAFF or APRIL or of their receptors (BCMA, TACI, or BAFF-R) have been reported in various B-cell malignancies including B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia.
2.New spectrophotometric methods for the determinations of hydrogen sulfide present in the samples of lake water, industrial effluents, tender coconut, sugarcane juice and egg.
Shyla B1, Nagendrappa G. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2012 Oct;96:776-83. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2012.07.011. Epub 2012 Jul 16.
The new methods are working on the principle that iron(III) is reduced to iron(II) by hydrogen sulfide, catechol and p-toluidine the system 1/hydrogen sulfide the system 2, in acidic medium followed by the reduced iron forming complex with 1,10-phenanthroline with λ(max) 510 nm. The other two methods are based on redox reactions between electrolytically generated manganese(III) sulfate taken in excess and hydrogen sulfide followed by the unreacted oxidant oxidizing diphenylamine λ(max) 570 the system 3/barium diphenylamine sulphonate λ(max) 540 nm, the system 4. The increase/decrease in the color intensity of the dye products of the systems 1 and 2 or 3 and 4 are proportional to the concentration of hydrogen sulfide with its quantification range 0.035-1.40 μg ml(-1)/0.14-1.40 μg ml(-1).
3.Laccase-catalyzed removal of diphenylamine from synthetic wastewater.
Saha B1, Taylor KE, Bewtra JK, Biswas N. Water Environ Res. 2008 Nov;80(11):2118-24.
The priority pollutant lists of both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the European Union (EU) include diphenylamine (DPA), a contaminant found in wastewater of various industries. This work demonstrates the potential of using enzymatic treatment to remove DPA from buffered synthetic wastewater. This treatment method includes oxidative polymerization of DPA using laccase from Trametes villosa, followed by removal of those polymers via adsorptive micellar flocculation (AMF) using sodium lauryl sulfate (SDS) and alum. Researchers investigated the effects of pH, laccase concentration, molecular mass, and concentration of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in continuously stirred batch reactors to achieve 95% substrate conversion in three hours. Treatment of 0.19 mM DPA was best at pH 7 and an enzyme concentration from 0.0025 to 0.0075 standard activity unit/mL. Except for PEG400 optimum enzyme and PEG concentrations decreased with an increase in PEG molecular mass.
4.Degradation of diphenylamine by persulfate: Performance optimization, kinetics and mechanism.
Li SX1, Wei D, Mak NK, Cai Z, Xu XR, Li HB, Jiang Y. J Hazard Mater. 2009 May 15;164(1):26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.110. Epub 2008 Aug 5.
The degradation of diphenylamine (DPA) in aqueous solution by persulfate is investigated. Effects of pH, persulfate concentration, ionic strength, temperature and catalytic ions Fe(3+) and Ag(+) on the degradation efficiency of DPA by persulfate are examined in batch experiments. The degradation of DPA by persulfate is found to follow the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Increasing the reaction temperature or persulfate concentration may significantly accelerate the DPA degradation. Fe(3+) and Ag(+) ions can enhance the degradation of DPA, and Ag(+) ion is more efficient than Fe(3+) ion. However, the increase of either the pH value or ionic strength will decrease the rate of DPA degradation. N-Phenyl-4-quinoneimine, N-carboxyl-4-quinoneimine, 4-quinoneimine and oxalic acid are identified as the major intermediates of DPA degradation, and a primary pathway for the degradation of DPA is proposed. The degradation of DPA in surface water, groundwater and seawater is also tested by persulfate, and more than 90% of DPA can be degraded at room temperature in 45min at an initial concentration of 20mgL(-1).