1.Apical adenosine regulates basolateral Ca2+-activated potassium channels in human airway Calu-3 epithelial cells.
Wang D1, Sun Y, Zhang W, Huang P. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008 Jun;294(6):C1443-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00556.2007. Epub 2008 Apr 2.
In airway epithelial cells, apical adenosine regulates transepithelial anion secretion by activation of apical cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) via adenosine receptors and cAMP/PKA signaling. However, the potent stimulation of anion secretion by adenosine is not correlated with its modest intracellular cAMP elevation, and these uncorrelated efficacies have led to the speculation that additional signaling pathways may be involved. Here, we showed that mucosal adenosine-induced anion secretion, measured by short-circuit current (Isc), was inhibited by the PLC-specific inhibitor U-73122 in the human airway submucosal cell line Calu-3. In addition, the Isc was suppressed by BAPTA-AM (a Ca2+ chelator) and 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB; an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor blocker), but not by PKC inhibitors, suggesting the involvement of PKC-independent PLC/Ca2+ signaling. Ussing chamber and patch-clamp studies indicated that the adenosine-induced PLC/Ca2+ signaling stimulated basolateral Ca2+-activated potassium (KCa) channels predominantly via A2B adenosine receptors and contributed substantially to the anion secretion.
2.Dose-dependent effects of angiotensin-(1-7) on the NHE3 exchanger and [Ca(2+)](i) in in vivo proximal tubules.
Castelo-Branco RC1, Leite-Delova DC, de Mello-Aires M. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 May 15;304(10):F1258-65. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00401.2012. Epub 2013 Mar 20.
The acute direct action of angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)] on bicarbonate reabsorption (JHCO(3)(-)) was evaluated by stationary microperfusions on in vivo middle proximal tubules in rats using H ion-sensitive microelectrodes. The control JHCO(3)(-) is 2.82 ± 0.078 nmol·cm(-2)·s(-1) (50). ANG-(1-7) (10(-12) or 10(-9) M) in luminally perfused tubules decreases JHCO(3)(-) (36 or 60%, respectively), but ANG-(1-7) (10(-6) M) increases it (80%). A779 increases JHCO(3)(-) (30%) and prevents both the inhibitory and the stimulatory effects of ANG-(1-7) on it. S3226 decreases JHCO(3)(-) (45%) and changes the stimulatory effect of ANG-(1-7) to an inhibitory effect (30%) but does not affect the inhibitory effect of ANG-(1-7). Our results indicate that in the basal condition endogenous ANG-(1-7) inhibits JHCO(3)(-) and that the biphasic dose-dependent effect of ANG-(1-7) on JHCO(3)(-) is mediated by the Mas receptors via the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3).
3.Aqueous geochemistry of fluoride enriched groundwater in arid part of Western India.
Singh CK1, Mukherjee S. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Feb;22(4):2668-78. doi: 10.1007/s11356-014-3504-5. Epub 2014 Sep 9.
Fluoride-enriched water has become a major public health issue in India. The present study tries to evaluate the geochemical mechanism of fluoride enrichment in groundwater of western India. Total 100 groundwater samples were collected for the study spreading across the entire study area. The results of the analyzed parameters formed the attribute database for geographical information system (GIS) analysis and final output maps. A preliminary field survey was conducted and fluoride testing was done using Hach make field kits. The fluoride concentration ranges from 0.08 to 6.6 mg/L (mean 2.4 mg/L), with 63 % of the samples containing fluoride concentrations that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water guideline value of 1.5 mg/L and 85 % samples exceeding the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) guidelines of 1 mg/L. The study also reveals high concentration of nitrate that is found to be above WHO standrads. The dominant geochemical facies present in water are Na-Cl-HCO3 (26 samples), Na-Ca-Cl-HCO3 (20 samples), Na-Cl (14 samples), and Na-Ca-Mg-Cl-HCO3 (11 samples); however, sodium and bicarbonate being the major component in all the water types of 100 samples, which in fact has a tendency to increase fluoride concentration in water by dissolving fluoride from fluorite.
4.Effects of bile acids on pancreatic ductal bicarbonate secretion in guinea pig.
Venglovecz V1, Rakonczay Z Jr, Ozsvári B, Takács T, Lonovics J, Varró A, Gray MA, Argent BE, Hegyi P. Gut. 2008 Aug;57(8):1102-12. doi: 10.1136/gut.2007.134361. Epub 2008 Feb 26.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute pancreatitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Bile reflux into the pancreas is a common cause of acute pancreatitis and, although the bile can reach both acinar and ductal cells, most research to date has focused on the acinar cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of bile acids on HCO(3)(-) secretion from the ductal epithelium.